Ratification Mechanism: Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement

Chapter II: Power Sharing (Signed at Naivasha, Kenya on 26th May, 2004)

2.12.1 The Peace Agreement shall be signed by the leaders of the two Parties.

2.12.2 Upon signature, the Parties shall be bound by the Agreement and shall assume the obligations arising there from, more especially the obligations to implement the Agreement and to give legal and constitutional effect to the arrangements agreed therein.

2.12.3 Upon signature the Parties commit themselves to ensure that all the organs, committees and structures under their control, including their members, shall observe the terms of the Agreement.

2.12.4 After the Agreement has been signed:

2.12.4.1 The text thereof shall be forwarded to the National Assembly and the SPLM National Liberation Council for approval as is;

Implementation History

2005

Full Implementation

The Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed by leaders of both parties on 9 January 2005. The deadline for the approval of the CPA was 24 January 2005 for the SPLM National Liberation Council. The peace accord was approved by the SPLM National Liberation Council on 24 January 2005. The accord was ratified unanimously by the SPLM National Liberation Council, which was presided over by the SPLM chief John Garang.1 The National Assembly was expected to approve the CPA by 29 January and it was approved.2 As such, the ratification mechanism provision of the accord was implemented. 

  • 1. "SPLM Parliament Ratifies Sudan Peace Deal," Agence France Presse, January 24, 2005.
  • 2. "Letter dated 30 March 2007 from the Permanent Representative of the Sudan to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General," United Nations (S/2007/185), April 3, 2007.
2006

Full Implementation

The ratification mechanism provision of the accord was implemented. 

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.