The Colombia Barometer Initiative unites Peace Accords Matrix methodology with contemporaneous monitoring and verification of the 2016 Colombian Accord.
The historic Colombia peace agreement signed on November 24, 2016—celebrated as a major turning point in ending the country’s 52-year armed conflict—gives the University of Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute primary responsibility for technical verification and monitoring of implementation of the accord through the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) Barometer Initiative.
This is the first time a university-based research center has played such a direct role in supporting the implementation of a peace agreement, and the first time researchers have measured the implementation of a peace accord in real time.
Monitoring implementation in progress creates the possibility for engagement with key decisionmakers to report progress, identify options for improvement, and address issues that need attention.
The Barometer Initiative in Colombia includes
- 8 faculty and staff members based at Notre Dame’s Indiana campus
- more than 30 mobile team members on the ground in Colombia to track implementation
PAM produces regular comprehensive reports on the status of implementation for all 578 stipulations in the Colombia accord. The Barometer Initiative also produces reports on transversal themes in the peace accord, including studies on the status of the gender, ethnic and territorial perspective in implementation.
The project issues periodic summary reports and briefs on the status of implementation for senior Colombian government decision makers, United Nations officials, and representatives of the United States, the European Union, and other governments and agencies supporting the peace process. Barometer staff regularly interact with top level government officials, ex-combatants, civil society leaders, and local leaders in rural territories across Colombia to discuss implementation progress.
The Barometer Initiative in Colombia has received grant awards from the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, the Humanity United Foundation, the European Union, and the United Nations Multi-Party Trust Fund, as well as in-kind support from the Jubitz Foundation.
Katie Whitcomb/University of Notre Dame
Former High Commissioner for Peace of Colombia, Sergio Jaramillo, giving a keynote presentation at the Kroc Institute 2019 Building Sustainable Peace Conference.
University of Notre Dame
Opening Panel of the Washington, DC Seminar: The Colombian Peace Process After Two Years in June 2019. Panelists included: David Cortright, Francisco Diez, Bernard Aronson, Monsignor Héctor Fabio Henao, Pete Marocco and Emilio Archila, chaired by Maura Policelli.
University of Notre Dame
Second Panel of the Washington, DC Seminar: The Colombian Peace Process After Two Years. Panelists included Raul Rosende, Madhav Joshi, Jason Quinn, Adam Isacson and Cynthia Arnson, chaired by Maura Policelli.
Matt Cashore/University of Notre Dame
Borja Paladini Adell, former Bogotá coordinator of the Barometer Initiative, speaks to members of the Colombian congress.