Donor Support: Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement

Chapter III: Wealth Sharing (Signed At Naivasha, Kenya on 7th January, 2004)

C. Multi-Donor Trust Funds

15.5. The Parties recognize the need to establish, during the Pre-Interim Period, two Multi-Donor Trust Funds (MDTFs), one for the National Government and one for the Government of Southern Sudan to support urgent recurrent and investment budget costs under clearly stated criteria of eligible financing components. The Trust Funds shall be operational for the Pre-Interim Period, and shall thereafter be transformed into (i) one MDTF dedicated to the Southern Sudan Reconstruction and Development Fund (the "SRRDF"); and (ii) one MDTF dedicated to the National Reconstruction and Development Fund (the "NRDF").

Implementation History

2005

Intermediate Implementation

In January 2005, immediately after the signing of the CPA, the World Bank made the decision to open its office in Sudan for the purpose to administer the Multi-Donor Trust Funds for the reconstruction and development of national and the Southern Sudan. The European Union also started to release the development fund to Sudan for the first time since 1990.1 In April 2005, international donors pleaded for $4.5 billion, which exceeded the target of $2.6 billion.2 The MDTFs and other funding from EU and the Government of National Unity became operational in June 2005 with the holding of the first Interim oversight Committee Meetings.3 By the end of December 2005, $102.1 Million in MDTS contributions were paid in, of which $46.5 Million went to NRDF and $56.6 Million went to SRRDF. Nevertheless, the World Bank was not allowed to open its office in Sudan in 2005.

  • 1. "Sudan; EU Resumes Development Aid," Africa News, January 26, 2005.
  • 2. "Sudan; International Donors Pledge Billions for Reconstruction," Africa News, April 12, 2005.
  • 3. "The CPA Monitor-Monthly report on the Implementation of the CPA," UNMIS, March 2006.
2006

Full Implementation

In August 2006, the World Bank formally inaugurated its office in Khartoum to administer the MDTFs on behalf of donors.4

2007

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2008

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2009

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2010

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2011

Full Implementation

By 2011, the Multi-Donor Trust Fund approved 57 programs for the budget of more than $1,072 million, of which $1,039 million was transferred.5 It was said that the disbursement from the MTDFs had been slower than expected.