Judiciary Reform: Taif Accord

III. Other Reforms: B. Courts:

C. To ensure the judiciary's independence, a certain number of the Higher Judiciary Council shall be elected by the judiciary body.

Implementation History

1989

Full Implementation

The peace plan as laid down in the Taif accord was approved by the Lebanon's Parliament on 5 November 1989.1 This approval materializes much needed shifts in the composition of Lebanon’s governance closer to changing demography. Since the independence from France in 1943, Maronite Catholics, the largest Christian sect, dominated top posts of the government, army, judiciary, and the central bank.2 By giving judiciary body to elect certain number of members of Higher Judiciary Council, the Taif accord brought significant judiciary reform. But it is unclear exactly how many members of the council were elected by the judiciary body. 

  • 1. "Lebanon elects new president," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, November 6, 1989.
  • 2. "Light in Lebanon," Christian Science Monitor, October 12, 1990.
1990

Full Implementation

Judiciary reform took place in 1989.

1991

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1992

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1993

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1994

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1995

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1996

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1997

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.