Dispute Resolution Committee: Taif Accord

III. Other Reforms: B. Courts

2. A constitutional council shall be created to interpret the constitution, to observe the constitutionality of the laws, and to settle disputes and contests emanating from presidential and parliamentary elections.

Implementation History

1989

No Implementation

The Constitutional Council, as envisioned in the Taif Accord was empowered to look after the constitutionality of laws as well as settle disputes related to contests emanating from presidential and parliamentary elections.  While presidential elections took place in November 1989, the Constitutional Council did not materialize prior to holdings of elections even the article 19 of Lebanon’s constitution had provided for that. 

1990

No Implementation

Constitutional Council did not materialize in 1990. 

1991

No Implementation

Constitutional Council did not materialize in 1991. 

1992

No Implementation

While presidential elections took place in November 1989 and the Parliamentary elections were held in 1992, the Constitutional Council did not materialize in 1992.

1993

Full Implementation

At a Ramadan dinner banquet on 18 March 1993, Prime Minister Rafiq al-Hariri discussed the government’s eagerness to speed up the establishment of the Constitutional Council and said that the government would soon refer to the Chamber of Deputies.1 The bill was approved on 25 June 1993. According to the law, “the Constitutional Council will be composed of 10 members, half of whom to be appointed by the house of representatives and the other half nominated by the government. council members, whose age cannot exceed 74 years at the time of nomination, will have to be the present or former judges or university professors of law with at least 20 years of working experience."2 The council was established under law No. 250 of 1993; and revised by by-laws under law 243 of 2000. 

  • 1. "Lebanon; Prime Minister Sets Out Priorities in Reconstruction and Reconciliation," BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, March 20, 1993.
  • 2. "Lebanon's parliament approve establishment of constitutional council," Xinhua General News Service, June 25, 1993.
1994

Full Implementation

However delayed, the Constitutional Council was established in 1993. 

1995

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

1996

The Constitutional Council struck down the election law that was passed by the parliament in July of 1993.3 The government, then, amended the bill in August 1993. 

  • 3. "Lebanon court rules against election law," United Press International, August 8, 1996.
1997

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.