Truth or Reconciliation Mechanism: Abidjan Peace Agreement

ARTICLE 15

The mandate and membership of the existing National Unity and Reconciliation Commission shall be expanded in consultation with the Commission for the Consolidation of Peace to enable it to undertake a sustained and effective campaign of civic education aimed at enhancing national unity and reconciliation, taking into account the imperative need to heal the wounds of the conflict.

Implementation History

1996

No Implementation

The peace agreement called for the establishment of two main commissions: (a) the National Unity and Reconciliation Commission, and (2) the Joint Commission for the Consolidation of Peace. The Joint Commission for the Consolidation of Peace was set up immediately after the peace agreement in December of 1996 but the National Unity and Reconciliation Commission was not established.1

  • 1. "Sierra Leone rebels come to capital for talks," Deutsche Presse-Agentur, December 19, 1996.
1997

No Implementation

In 1997, Major Johnny Paul Koroma and soldiers under his command formed an alliance with RUF rebels and toppled Sierra Leone's government. President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah fled into Guinea.2

  • 2. "Sierra Leone coup leader claims power," The Independent (London), May 26, 1997, 13.
1998

No Implementation

In 1998, the former government ousted the RUF/AFRC government. RUF and the former government returned to full scale civil war in 1998.3

Coding for this case ceased on December 31, 1998.

  • 3. "Uppsala Conflict Data Program," Uppsala University Department of Peace and Conflict Research, accessed June 3, 2011, www.ucdp.uu.se/database.