Working at the nexus between research and practice, the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) program is comprised of researchers and practitioners seeking to promote and facilitate a higher order of integration between these domains. The PAM program is home to the largest existing collection of implementation data on intrastate peace agreements, and PAM team members regularly provide research support to ongoing peace processes on issues of peace agreement design and implementation.
The PAM database is a unique source of qualitative and quantitative longitudinal data on the implementation of 34 Comprehensive Peace Agreements (CPAs) negotiated between 1989 and 2012. Drawing on this world class, peer-reviewed database, PAM researchers have developed a quantitative methodology to track the progress of peace accord implementation. The PAM database serves as a valuable tool for analysis, which the Kroc Institute uses to support the negotiation and implementation of peace accords, including the implementation of the Colombian peace accord.
The PAM team consists of faculty, staff, consultants and student researchers at the University of Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies.
Josefina Echavarría Álvarez
Josefina Echavarría Álvarez is the Director of the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) and Associate Professor of the Practice in the Keough School of Global Affairs at the University of Notre Dame. Echavarria obtained her PhD in Peace, Conflict and Democracy from the Universidad Jaume I (Spain). She was previously co-director of the Research Center for Peace and Conflict at the University of Innsbruck and Fellow at the University of Cambridge (United Kingdom) and Trinity College (Ireland). She has worked on and directed international cooperation projects and been a visiting professor at universities in Europe, the Caucasus and Latin America dealing with themes of peacebuilding, peace education, gender, conflict analysis and research methods.
Madhav Joshi is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute and Associate Director of the Peace Accords Matrix. His research focuses on peace agreement design, implementation, and post-civil war peacebuilding. He has published on these topics in leading social science journals. He is co-editor of Understanding Quality Peace (with Peter Wallensteen, Routledge, 2018).
John Paul Lederach
John Paul Lederach is Senior Advisor to the PAM Barometer Initiative, and Professor Emeritus of International Peacebuilding at the Kroc Institute. Widely known for his pioneering work in conflict transformation, Lederach is involved in conciliation work in Colombia, the Philippines, and Nepal, plus countries in East and West Africa. He is author of 22 books, including The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace (Oxford University Press, 2005).
Gerard Martin is the Peace Accords Matrix Representative in Colombia. He is a political sociologist with a PhD from the School of Higher Studies in Social Sciences (France). From 1998 to 2008 he co-directed the Colombia Program at Georgetown University (Washington DC). He is the author of numerous articles and books, including Medellín. Mafias, City and State. 1975-2013.
Patrick McQuestion is a Research Associate for the Peace Accords Matrix and holds a master’s in development management and policy from Georgetown University, in combination with Universidad Nacional de San Martín, Argentina. Previous to the Kroc Institute, he worked for the Argentine Ministry of Modernization in a program mapping public sector payrolls across state entities. He holds a bachelor’s degree in English from Reed College.
Jason Quinn is Associate Professor of Political Science and a Senior Researcher with the Peace Accords Matrix. Quinn researches civil war, with a special focus on peace agreement design and implementation. He has published on these topics in International Studies Quarterly, British Journal of Political Science, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research, Negotiation Journal, International Interactions, International Studies Perspectives, and other outlets.
Laurel Quinn is Associate Director of Operations for the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, where she manages operations for several grant and research projects for the PAM program and the Colombia Barometer Initiative. She is co-editor of the volume Civil Society, Peace, and Power (Rowman & Littlefield, 2016), and she holds a master’s degree from the Seton Hall School of Diplomacy and International Relations.
Sofia Revilak Fonseca
Sofia Revilak Fonseca is the Program Coordinator for the Peace Accords Matrix. She graduated in May 2021 with a Master of Arts in Global Journalism from The University of Arizona. She obtained her BA in Political Science from The University of Notre Dame in 2019 with minors in Business Economics and Peace Studies. A native of Mexico City, Mexico, she has previously conducted research dealing with critically analyzing linguistic manifestations of power in media portrayals of transnational migration flows and marginalized populations.
Cristian Sáez Flórez
Cristian Sáez Flórez is a Peace Accords Matrix Research Associate and holds a M.A. in Global Affairs from the Keough School of Global Affairs at the University of Notre Dame. As part of his studies, he interned in the Missing Migrants and DNA program with the Colibrí Center for Human Rights. Cristian has worked with several human rights and peacebuilding organizations in Colombia, including working as a junior specialist with the PAM Barometer Initiative in Colombia. He also worked as a research assistant at the Museo Casa de la Memoria de Medellín and interned with the Manos a la Paz project with the United Nations Development Programme, which aimed to strengthen democratic governance and peacebuilding capacities. Cristian holds a BA in political science from the Universidad de Antioquia.
Carolina Serrano Idrovo
Carolina Serrano Idrovo is a researcher for the Peace Accords Matrix and holds an M.A. in International Peace Studies from the Kroc Institute, a B.A. in Political Science from the Universidad de los Andes and a Specialization in Social Evaluation of Projects from the same University. As part of her studies, she accompanied the work of grassroots organization Sembrandopaz in the Colombian Caribbean coast, on political empowerment and community building activities. She previously served as a researcher for Colombian think-tank Fundación Ideas para la Paz and the International Organization for Migrations in Bogotá focusing on the reintegration process of former combatants.
Sally Sharif is a Post-Doctoral Research Associate at the Peace Accords Matrix. She earned her PhD in Political Science at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. Her research is centered on civil war, peacebuilding, and statebuilding, with a regional focus on the Middle East and Latin America. Her dissertation “Demobilizing and Reintegrating Ex-Combatants: Explaining Success and Failure on the National and Subnational Levels” involved extensive field research with FARC ex-combatants in Colombia. She previously worked for the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs, the Social Science Research Council, and the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies.