About

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Working at the nexus between research and practice, the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) program is comprised of researchers and practitioners seeking to promote and facilitate a higher order of integration between these domains. The PAM program is home to the largest existing collection of implementation data on intrastate peace agreements, and PAM team members regularly provide research support to ongoing peace processes on issues of peace agreement design and implementation.

The PAM database is a unique source of qualitative and quantitative longitudinal data on the implementation of 34 Comprehensive Peace Agreements (CPAs) negotiated between 1989 and 2012. Drawing on this world class, peer-reviewed database, PAM researchers have developed a quantitative methodology to track the progress of peace accord implementation. The PAM database serves as a valuable tool for analysis, which the Kroc Institute uses to support the negotiation and implementation of peace accords, including the implementation of the Colombian peace accord.

The Team

The PAM team consists of faculty, staff, consultants and student researchers at the University of Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies.

Elise Ditta

Elise Ditta is a Research Associate for the Peace Accords Matrix and holds a master’s degree in international peace studies from the Kroc Institute and a bachelor’s degree in international development and Spanish from Calvin College. As part of her studies, she completed a USAID Research and Innovation Fellowship in Colombia, examining urban violence and territorial peace on the Caribbean coast. She previously served as the director of communication for the Association for a More Just Society in Honduras. 

Josefina Echavarría Alvarez

Josefina Echavarría Alvarez is Director of the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM). Echavarría earned her PhD in Peace, Conflict and Democracy from the University Jaume I (Spain). She is the former Co-Director of the Research Center for Peace and Conflict at the University of Innsbruck and has taught in numerous universities around the world on peace building, peace education, gender, conflict analysis and research methods. She has also worked on diverse international cooperation projects in the fields of gender, citizenship, and curricular development for peace and conflict studies. 

Madhav Joshi

Madhav Joshi is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute and Associate Director of the Peace Accords Matrix. His research focuses on peace agreement design, implementation, and post-civil war peacebuilding. He has published on these topics in leading social science journals. He is co-editor of Understanding Quality Peace (with Peter Wallensteen, Routledge, 2018).

John Paul Lederach

John Paul Lederach is Senior Advisor to the PAM Barometer Initiative, and Professor Emeritus of International Peacebuilding at the Kroc Institute. Widely known for his pioneering work in conflict transformation, Lederach is involved in conciliation work in Colombia, the Philippines, and Nepal, plus countries in East and West Africa. He is author of 22 books, including The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace (Oxford University Press, 2005).

Gerard Martin

Gerard Martin is the Peace Accords Matrix Representative in Colombia. He is a political sociologist with a PhD from the School of Higher Studies in Social Sciences (France). From 1998 to 2008 he co-directed the Colombia Program at Georgetown University (Washington DC). He is the author of numerous articles and books, including Medellín. Mafias, City and State. 1975-2013.

Patrick McQuestion

Patrick McQuestion is a Research Associate for the Peace Accords Matrix and holds a master’s in development management and policy from Georgetown University, in combination with Universidad Nacional de San Martín, Argentina. Previous to the Kroc Institute, he worked for the Argentine Ministry of Modernization in a program mapping public sector payrolls across state entities. He holds a bachelor’s degree in English from Reed College.

Jason Quinn

Jason Quinn is Associate Professor of Political Science and a Senior Researcher with the Peace Accords Matrix. Quinn researches civil war, with a special focus on peace agreement design and implementation. He has published on these topics in International Studies QuarterlyBritish Journal of Political ScienceJournal of Conflict ResolutionJournal of Peace ResearchNegotiation JournalInternational Interactions, International Studies Perspectives, and other outlets.

Laurel Quinn

Laurel Quinn is Associate Director of Operations for the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, where she manages operations for several grant and research projects for the PAM program and the Colombia Barometer Initiative. She is co-editor of the volume Civil Society, Peace, and Power (Rowman & Littlefield, 2016), and she holds a master’s degree from the Seton Hall School of Diplomacy and International Relations.

Sofia Revilak Fonseca

Sofia Revilak Fonseca is the Program Coordinator for the Peace Accords Matrix. She graduated in May 2021 with a Master of Arts in Global Journalism from The University of Arizona. She obtained her BA in Political Science from The University of Notre Dame in 2019 with minors in Business Economics and Peace Studies. A native of Mexico City, Mexico, she has previously conducted research dealing with critically analyzing linguistic manifestations of power in media portrayals of transnational migration flows and marginalized populations.

Carolina Serrano Idrovo

Carolina Serrano Idrovo is a researcher for the Peace Accords Matrix and holds an M.A. in International Peace Studies from the Kroc Institute, a B.A. in Political Science from the Universidad de los Andes and a Specialization in Social Evaluation of Projects from the same University. As part of her studies, she accompanied the work of grassroots organization Sembrandopaz in the Colombian Caribbean coast, on political empowerment and community building activities. She previously served as a researcher for Colombian think-tank Fundación Ideas para la Paz and the International Organization for Migrations in Bogotá focusing on the reintegration process of former combatants.