Using PAM

There are several possible ways of exploring the PAM database depending on the users’ preferred unit of analysis: Accord or Provision. Users can search for a particular accord and explore the provisions that constitute that agreement. Alternatively, users can search for a particular provision and explore the accords that contain that provision.

Upon selecting a provision, users can see at a glance what the text of the accord stipulates concerning that provision, followed by historical narratives covering the major implementation events occurring each year, in the decade that follows the signing of the agreement. 

Four Ways to Search

From the main page, users can enter key words into the “Search Database” to locate a particular peace accord and its respective provisions, or to locate a particular provision and the accords containing that provision.

Let’s suppose that a user is interested in the implementation of the Mindanao Final Agreement between the Republic of the Philippines and the MNLF, signed on September 02, 1996. Users can locate this agreement in a variety of ways.

(1) Main Search Portal:




Entering “Mindanao agreement,” or “Mindanao,” or “Philippines” into the main search field, located in the center of the main page, will return a list of relevant entries. In this case, the Mindanao Final Agreement is the first result.









Clicking Mindanao Final Agreement reveals the list of provisions that constitute this accord. The project’s researchers estimate that sixty per-cent of this agreement has been implemented.









(2) Search by ‘Accords’

Alternatively, a user can reach the same destination by clicking “See all Accords” and selecting “Mindanao Final Agreement” from the list of available agreements. An important provision in the Mindanao Final Agreement was the establishment of a new Legislative Assembly for the Autonomous Region. By clicking Legislative Branch Reform, the user is presented with the specific text pertaining to the Legislative Assembly, followed by an annual account of its implementation history. In this specific case, the user will find that “No Implementation” took place in the years 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, or 2000. Significant implementation events occurred in the years 2001 and 2005.









(3) Search by Provision

A third option for reaching the same destination begins by clicking “See all Provision Types” and selecting Legislative Branch Reform from the alphabetized list of provisions. This will return all agreements that call for some type of reform to be implemented pertaining to the legislative branch. Scrolling down the list of accords, the user can select: Legislative Branch Reform: Mindanao Final Agreement.










(4) Advanced Search 

Lastly, advanced users can click the “Search” tab at the top right of the main page to deliver all peace accords and all provision-accord combinations in the database, which can be filtered using advanced search options. Filtering the results by “Peace Accord” (and clicking update) will return the same results as search option 2 (See all Accords). Filtering by “Provision” opens a secondary drop down menu of all provisions. Selecting Legislative Branch Reform would take the user to the same destination as outlined in option 3 above. An added value of filtering the full results using the advanced search feature is that the user can select multiple provisions.