Reintegration: Comprehensive Peace Agreement

4.4. The Interim Cabinet shall constitute a Special Committee to carry out monitoring, adjustment and rehabilitation of the Maoist combatants.

Implementation History

2006

No Implementation

(2006 CPA uses the term “rehabilitation” which is similar to reintegration.)

The Special Committee responsible for the integration and rehabilitation of Maoist army combatants has yet to finalize the modality for the integration of ex-Maoists combatants. They have also not finalized a package for those who prefer to be reintegrated back to the society.

2007

No Implementation

No progress made on integration and rehabilitation modalities. 

2008

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2009

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2010

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2011

Minimum Implementation

Progress is being made on rehabilitation package to those ex-combatants willing to go back to civilian lives, but a substantive steps are yet to be taken. Parties had discussed a ‘golden handshake’ package that would grant a lump sum of NRs 450,000 to those combatants wishing to be reintegrated back into the society.1

The US and the international community have begun to show interest in supporting Nepal’s peace process in general and specifically in the rehabilitation of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) combatants.2

  • 1. "Golden Handshake for PLA combatants: Panel plans Rs 450,000 for fighters," Kathmandu Post, June 10, 2011.
  • 2. "US willing to support in Maoist combatants' rehab: DeLisi," Republica, August 6, 2011.
2012

Full Implementation

By July 2012, some 16,000 Maoist combatants choose voluntary retirement in different phases. Those opting for voluntary retirement received retirement and rehabilitation packages to return back to civilian lives in their communities.3 In September, additional 1,762 have opted for voluntary retirement.4 They received their retirement package and were in a process to be rehabilitated back to their communities.

  • 3. "Number of NA aspirants sees a free fall," Kathmandu Post, April 18, 2012; Former PLA commanders urge early decision on integration, Kathmandu Post, July 31, 2012.
  • 4. "1,647 to be vetted for integration process," My Republica, September 14, 2012.
2013

Full Implementation

Based on their rank, ex-combatants who chose integration, voluntary discharge or rehabilitation received between $5,300-$8,500 in two installments. Reports claimed that the ex-combatants were engaged in buying lands, building homes and a family life. They were engaged in various economic activities such as starting shops and agricultural activities. Nevertheless, they reported economic hardships and expressed political dissatisfaction on how the Maoist leaders handled the combatant issues.5

2014

Full Implementation

Reintegration process concluded as of 2013.

2015

Full Implementation

No further development reported.