Disarmament: Erdut Agreement

ERDUT AGREEMENT, ARTICLE 3:

The U.N. Security Council is requested to authorize an international force to deploy during the transitional period to maintain peace and security in the Region and otherwise to assist in implementation of this Agreement. The Region shall be demilitarized according to the schedule and procedures determined by the international force. This demilitarization shall be completed not later than 30 days after deployment of the international force and shall include all military forces, weapons, and police, except for the international force and for police operating under the supervision of, or with the consent of, the Transitional Administration.

Implementation History

1995

No Implementation

The Erdut Basic Agreement was signed on 12 November 1995. The UN Transitional Administration would not be operational until 1996. No developments were reported for November or December for this provision. 

1996

Intermediate Implementation

On January 15 1996, UNTAES was established under UN Resolution 1037. In the resolution the demilitarization of the region was to begin within 30 days of the military component of UNTAES being deployed. On 20 May 1996, 5,349 UNTAES troops are fully deployed. On 21 May, the Transitional Administrator announces that the process of demilitarization has begun.1 In June 1996, UNTAES force commander (Schoups) and two generals (one from the Serbian army and one from the Croatian Army) announced that all heavy weapons, including tanks, artillery, mortars and anti-aircraft guns, belonging to the Serbian army, had been turned over to UNTAES forces.2 On 2 October 1996, UNTAES initiated a weapons buy-back program in the region to help collect small arms.3

  • 1. "Brief Chronology," UNTAES.
  • 2. "Report of the Secretary-General on UNTAES,"United Nations (S/1996/622).
  • 3. "UNTAES, Brief Chronology."
1997

Intermediate Implementation

Over 15,000 guns and 435,000 rounds of ammunition was collected between 2 October 1996 and 24 February 1997.4

  • 4. "UNTAES, Brief Chronology."
1998

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments regarding disarmament are reported. 

1999

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments regarding disarmament are reported. 

2000

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments regarding disarmament are reported. 

2001

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments regarding disarmament are reported. 

2002

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments regarding disarmament are reported. 

2003

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments regarding disarmament are reported. 

2004

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments regarding disarmament are reported.