Police Reform: Ohrid Agreement

3.3. In order to ensure that police are aware of and responsive to the needs and interests of the local population, local heads of police will be selected by municipal councils from lists of candidates proposed by the Ministry of Interior, and will communicate regularly with the councils. The Ministry of Interior will retain the authority to remove local heads of police in accordance with the law.

4.2. Laws regulating employment in public administration will include measures to assure equitable representation of communities in all central and local public bodies and at all levels of employment within such bodies, while respecting the rules concerning competence and integrity that govern public administration. The authorities will take action to correct present imbalances in the composition of the public administration, in particular through the recruitment of members of under-represented communities. Particular attention will be given to ensuring as rapidly as possible that the police services will generally reflect the composition and distribution of the population of Macedonia, as specified in Annex C.

ANNEX C

5.3. The parties also invite the OSCE, the European Union, and the United States to increase training and assistance programs for police, including:

  • professional, human rights, and other training;
  • technical assistance for police reform, including assistance in screening, selection and promotion processes;
  • development of a code of police conduct;
  • cooperation with respect to transition planning for hiring and deployment of police officers from communities not in the majority in Macedonia; and
  • deployment as soon as possible of international monitors and police advisors in sensitive areas, under appropriate arrangements with relevant authorities.

Implementation History

2001

No Implementation

Information on police reform not available.

2002

No Implementation

Information on police reform not available.

2003

Intermediate Implementation

By the end of July 2003, 1,156 new recruits from non-majority communities (66.6% Albanians) had been trained by the OSCE.1 No further information available.  

2004

Intermediate Implementation

As of December 2004, the Police had increased the Albanian proportion to 13.31%.2

  • 2. Armend Reka, “The Ohrid Agreement: The Travails of Inter-ethnic Relations in Macedonia,” Human Rights Review 9 (2008): 61.
2005

Intermediate Implementation

Information on police reform not available.

2006

Intermediate Implementation

In 2006, according to the data provided by the Ombudsman’s office, the Albanians accounted for 14,9% of the 12 076 employees of the Home Affairs Office whereas 80,6% were ethnic Macedonians.3

  • 3. Nadège Ragaru, "MACEDONIA : BETWEEN OHRID AND BRUSSELS."
2007

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.