Legislative Branch Reform: Ohrid Agreement

5. Special Parliamentary Procedures

5.1. On the central level, certain Constitutional amendments in accordance with Annex A and the Law on Local Self-Government cannot be approved without a qualified majority of two-thirds of the votes, within which there must be a majority of the votes of Representatives claiming to belong to the communities not in the majority in the population of Macedonia.

5.2. Laws that directly affect culture, use of language, education, personal documentation, and use of symbols, as well as laws on local finances, local elections, the city of Skopje, and boundaries of municipalities must receive a majority of votes, within which there must be a majority of the votes of the Representatives claiming to belong to the communities not in the majority in the population of Macedonia.8.2. The legislative modifications identified in Annex B will be adopted in accordance with the timetables specified therein.

ANNEX B: LEGISLATIVE MODIFICATIONS

7. Rules of the Assembly

The Assembly shall amend by the end of the term of the present Assembly its Rules of Procedure to enable the use of the Albanian language in accordance with Section 6.5 of the Framework Agreement, paragraph 8 below, and the relevant amendments to the Constitution set forth in Annex A.

8. Laws Pertinent to the Use of Languages

The Assembly shall adopt by the end of the term of the present Assembly new legislation regulating the use of languages in the organs of the Republic of Macedonia. This legislation shall provide that:

- Representatives may address plenary sessions and working bodies of the Assembly in languages referred to in Article 7, paragraphs 1 and 2 of the Constitution (as amended in accordance with Annex A);

- Laws shall be published in the languages referred to in Article 7, paragraphs 1 and 2 of the Constitution (as amended in accordance with Annex A); and

- All public officials may write their names in the alphabet of any language referred to in Article 7, paragraphs 1 and 2 of the Constitution (as amended in accordance with Annex A) on any official documents.

The Assembly also shall adopt by the end of the term of the present Assembly new legislation on the issuance of personal documents.

Implementation History

2001

Intermediate Implementation

Constitutional amendments of 16 November, 2001 made the Albanian language an official language as Albanians form more than 20% of the total population of Macedonia. However, there were limitations in the use of language in the assembly procedures. “Albanian deputies can speak in their language in plenary sessions and working bodies of the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia.”1

2002

Intermediate Implementation

Albanian language was allowed in the assembly procedures through constitutional amendments in 2001, which has been in place without interruption since then. 

2003

Intermediate Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2004

Intermediate Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2005

Intermediate Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2006

Intermediate Implementation

The largest Albanian party Democratic Union for Integration (DUI) which emerged from the National Liberation Army (Ushtria Clirimtare Kombetare, UCK) was not included in government despite being the largest Albanian party. While this did not violate the Ohrid Framework Agreement, the government lacked the double majority in parliament and there have been efforts by the government to circumvent the double majority requirement. In addition there has been a boycott of the Albanian party, followed by a specific agreement between Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (Vnatrešna makedonska revolucionerna organizacija, VMRO) and DUI.

2007

Intermediate Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2008

Full Implementation

The largest Albanian party Democratic Union for Integration (DUI) which emerged from the National Liberation Army (Ushtria Clirimtare Kombetare, UCK) joined the governing coalition in 2008.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.