Verification/Monitoring Mechanism: Mindanao Final Agreement

II. The Transitional Period

Article 12:

The OIC shall be requested to continue to extend its assistance and good offices in monitoring the full implementation of this agreement during the transitional period until the regular autonomous government is firmly established and for this purpose, help generate broad international support for the Zone of Peace and Development.

Article 13:

A Joint Monitoring Committee composed of members coming from the GRP and the MNLF, with the help of the OIC, shall continue to meet to review and identify agreements that can be immediately implemented, and monitor the implementation of this Agreement during Phase I.

Implementation History

1996

No Implementation

No international, external, or internal verification mechanism was operational in 1996. 

1997

No Implementation

No international, external, or internal verification mechanism was operational in 1997. 

1998

No Implementation

No international, external, or internal verification mechanism was operational in 1998. 

1999

No Implementation

No international, external, or internal verification mechanism was operational in 1999. 

2000

No Implementation

No international, external, or internal verification mechanism was operational in 2000. 

2001

No Implementation

No international, external, or internal verification mechanism was operational in 2001. 

2002

No Implementation

No international, external, or internal verification mechanism was operational in 2002. 

2003

No Implementation

No international, external, or internal verification mechanism was operational in 2003. 

2004

No Implementation

No international, external, or internal verification mechanism was operational in 2004. 

2005

No Implementation

No international, external, or internal verification mechanism was operational in 2005.

Postscript:  

A 2006 report by the OIC Secretary General reviews talking points given to them by the MNLF and GRP regarding the implementation status of key provisions, but the OIC makes no independent judgments of its own based on acts of verification. From 1996 to 2005, there is no evidence of any annual or periodic verification of implementation by the OIC, or their working group, the OIC Peace Committee for Southern Philippines. The OIC did report on competing claims by each side eleven years after the agreement. 

A 2008 report by the Organization of the Islamic Conference describes a “First Session of the Tripartite Meeting” between the GRP, MNLF and the OIC that took place in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia in November 2007. This represents the first meeting of the two principal actors with the external body chosen to verify and review implementation of the 1996 agreement 12 years after the signing of the accord.1