Review of Agreement: Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement

Chapter I: The Machakos Protocol (Signed at Machakos, Kenya on 20th July, 2002)

PART B: THE TRANSITION PROCESS

2.4 An independent Assessment and Evaluation Commission shall be established during the Pre-Transition Period to monitor the implementation of the Peace Agreement during the Interim Period. This Commission shall conduct a midterm evaluation of the unity arrangements established under the Peace Agreement.

2.4.1 The composition of the Assessment and Evaluation Commission shall consist of equal representation from the GoS and the SPLMI A, and not more than two (2) representatives, respectively, from each of the following categories:

2.4.1.1 Member states of the IGAD Sub-Committee on Sudan (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda);

2.4.1.2 Observer States (Italy, Norway, UK and US); and

2.4.1.3 Any other countries or regional or international bodies to be agreed upon by the Parties.

Implementation History

2005

Intermediate Implementation

Many CPA provisions related to transitional arrangements, including the Assessment and Evaluation Commission (AEC), were not established immediately after the formation of the National Unity Government. After considerable delay, the AEC was established in October 2005; and the Commission was co-chaired by Norway and Kenya.1 The commission’s main responsibility was to assess and evaluate the implementation of the CPA. It contained 13 members and four observers and met in plenary sessions once a month. The AEC had four working groups: power-sharing, wealth-sharing, security arrangements and three areas chaired by international members (Italy, USA, UK and the Netherlands).

  • 1. "Report of the Secretary-General on the Sudan," United Nations (S/2005/821), December 21, 2005; "Kenyan Leader Urges International Community to Help Southern Sudan," BBC Monitoring Africa, November 8, 2005.
2006

Intermediate Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2007

Intermediate Implementation

There was separate assessment and evaluation commission for Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan states, which was established by presidential decree on 26 July 2007. The AEC and its working groups met regularly and discussed issues related to the implementation of CPA along with post-referendum arrangements, negotiations, and border demarcation of Abyei which became very contentious.2

Detailed information regarding the success of the AEC in forcing the parties to implement the CPA provision was not very clear. Also, the AEC was just the evaluation commission and it did not have authority to review the CPA itself. 

  • 2. "The CPA Monitor-Monthly report on the Implementation of the CPA," UNMIS, May 2011.
2008

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.