Review of Agreement: Ouagadougou Political Agreement (OPA)

OUAGADOUGOU POLITICAL AGREEMENT 

VII. Follow-up and consultation mechanisms

In order to ensure follow-up to this Agreement and continuation of the direct dialogue, the Parties agree to establish a permanent consultation mechanism (CPC) and an evaluation and monitoring committee (CEA).

7.2. Evaluation and monitoring committee (CEA)

The evaluation and monitoring committee is responsible for the periodic evaluation of the implementation of the measures provided for in this Agreement. The committee may also make any practical and necessary suggestions for the effective implementation of this Agreement.

Its membership is as follows:
Chairman: the Facilitator or his representative
Members: three representatives for each of the two Parties signatories to this Agreement.

The two Parties shall jointly agree on the enlargement of the committee to include other members of the Ivorian political class.

The Facilitator may also call upon any other observer representing a country or an international or inter-African organization, should he deem it necessary.

CEA shall be chaired by the Facilitator or his representative. It shall meet at least once a month in ordinary session and, where necessary, in extraordinary session convened by the Chairman.

In fulfillment of its mandate, CEA shall report to CPC on the implementation of the Agreement and shall so advise the Special Representative of the Secretary- General of the United Nations.

VIII. Miscellaneous and final provisions

8.1. The Parties agree to refer to arbitration by the Facilitator any dispute that may arise from the interpretation or implementation of the present Agreement.

Implementation History

2007

Intermediate Implementation

As required by the Ouagadougou Political Agreement, the Evaluation and Monitoring Committee, comprised of three representatives from both sides, was established. The chair of the Evaluation and Monitoring Committee was the representative from the facilitators. This committee was mandated to assess and make recommendations on the implementation of the accord.

The Evaluation and Monitoring Committee met for the first time on 11 May 2007 on issues related to the disarmament of militias and former combatants, the reestablishment of state institutions throughout the country, and the census. The committee had its second meeting on 4 September, where it recommended that parties create a timeline for the implementation of the accord.1 The committee also recommended that the French company, SAGEM, handle the technical operation for the production of the documents for population identification. The parties endorsed this recommendation in a supplementary agreement on 9 November 2007.2

  • 1. “Fourteenth progress report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire,” United Nations Security Council (S/2007/593), October 1, 2007; “Monthly Forecast: October 2007,” Security Council Report (2007): 5, accessed November 1, 2012, www.securitycouncilreport.org
  • 2. “Fifteenth progress report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire,” United Nations Security Council (S/2008/1), January 2, 2008.
2008

Intermediate Implementation

The Evaluation and Monitoring Committee met on 14 January and recommended prioritizing the electoral process. In its meeting on 21 March, the committee recommended issuing a decree on issues related to the modalities for voter registration, including a suggestion to conclude the contract with SAGEM to produce national identity and voter cards. The committee also recommended that the government ensure funding for the cantonment process as well as re-establishing the fiscal and customs administration throughout the country.3 The committee regularly met on issues related to implementation of the accord. In meetings that took place in July and September, the committee discussed logistical issues for expediting the population identification and voter registration processes as well as measures related to resolving rank issues for Forces Nouvelles combatants being integrated into the armed force.4

  • 3. "Sixteenth progress report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire,” United Nations Security Council (S/2008/250), April 15, 2008.
  • 4. “Eighteenth progress report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire,” United Nations Security Council (S/2008/645), October 13, 2008.
2009

Intermediate Implementation

The Evaluation and Monitoring Committee had its fifth meeting on 9 August, in which the timely resolution of security-related issues was emphasized. These issues included harmonization of the ranks for 5,000 personnel from Forces Nouvelles who were expected to join the national army. The deployment of integrated units comprised of 4,000 personnel from each side was also a priority at the meeting. In this particular meeting, the Independent Electoral Commission also released the official results of the identification and voter registration operations.5

  • 5. “Twenty-second progress report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire,” United Security Council (S/2009/495), September 29, 2009.
2010

Intermediate Implementation

There was no information regarding the activities of the Evaluation and Monitoring Committee in 2010. However, it is possible that the Evaluation and Monitoring Committee became obsolete once elections took place on 31 October.

2011

Full Implementation

Once the major provisions of the accord, including the distribution of national identity cards and holding of presidential elections, were implemented, the Evaluation and Monitoring Committee became obsolete.

2012

Full Implementation

Once the major provisions of the accord, including the distribution of national identity cards and holding of presidential elections, were implemented, the Evaluation and Monitoring Committee became obsolete.

2013

Full Implementation

Once the major provisions of the accord, including the distribution of national identity cards and holding of presidential elections, were implemented, the Evaluation and Monitoring Committee became obsolete.

2014

Full Implementation

Once the major provisions of the accord, including the distribution of national identity cards and holding of presidential elections, were implemented, the Evaluation and Monitoring Committee became obsolete.

2015

Full Implementation

Once the major provisions of the accord, including the distribution of national identity cards and holding of presidential elections, were implemented, the Evaluation and Monitoring Committee became obsolete.