Review of Agreement: Lomé Peace Agreement

PART SIX IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AGREEMENT ARTICLE XXXII JOINT IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE

A Joint Implementation Committee consisting of members of the Commission for the Consolidation of Peace (CCP) and the Committee of Seven on Sierra Leone, as well as the Moral Guarantors, provided for in Article XXXIV of the present Agreement and other international supporters shall be established. Under the chairmanship of ECOWAS, the Joint Implementation Committee shall be responsible for reviewing and assessing the state of implementation of the Agreement, and shall meet at least once every three months. Without prejudice to the functions of the Commission for the Consolidation of Peace as provided for in Article VI, the Joint Implementation Committee shall make recommendations deemed necessary to ensure effective implementation of the present Agreement according to the Schedule of Implementation, which appears as Annex 5.

Implementation History

1999

Intermediate Implementation

The JIC [Joint Implementation Committee] was established during the peace talks in Lomé to oversee and monitor the implementation of the peace accord. Members of the JIC included Nigeria, Ghana, Liberia, Algeria, Ivory Coast, Togo and the moral guarantor of the agreement, the UN, ECOWAS and the Commonwealth.1

The first meeting of the JIC was scheduled for the first week of August 1999.The meeting was expected to review the progress made in the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration programme, with particular attention towards ex-combatants. The meeting also expected to review the humanitarian assistance given to the needy as well to discuss the observance of the cease-fire, release of prisoners and other key provisions of the Lomé peace accord.2

  • 1. "Sierra Leone; UN Chief Meets With Togo's Foreign Minister On Implementation Of Accord," Africa News, July 19, 1999.
  • 2. Ibid.
2000

Intermediate Implementation

The second meeting of the Joint Implementation Committee (JIC) of the Lomé peace agreement started on January 24, 2000. The meeting reviewed the implementation status of the Lomé Peace Accord and discussed future needs. Implementation of the Lomé Peace Accord lagged in several areas in addition to insufficient progress of the DDR process.3

The Joint Implementation Committee (JIC) held an emergency meeting in Abuja on May 9, 2000. The JIC sought an end to the escalating crisis in Sierra Leone amidst reports that the whereabouts of rebel leader, Foday Sankoh, were unknown.4

Countries constituting the Joint Implementation Committee on the Sierra Leone peace accord had taken what was regarded as a bold initiative to ensure compliance with the agreement and, therefore, insure peace in the country.5

This initiative led to the ECOWAS decision to send at least 3, 000 additional troops to reinforce the faltering Lomé peace process on Sierra Leone.6

Following the negotiation of a 30-day ceasefire on November 10, 2000, hostilities ended. 

  • 3. "Sierra Leone; Lomé implementation committee meets," Africa News, January 24, 2000.
  • 4. "Sierra Leone; Nine ECOWAS Leaders Meet In Abuja Today Over S/Leone," Africa News, May 9, 2000.
  • 5. "ECOWAS to use "every means" to prevent rebel takeover in Sierra Leone," BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, May 11, 2000.
  • 6. "Sierra Leone; ECOMOG To Return To Sierra Leone," Africa News, May 18, 2000.
2001

Intermediate Implementation

On May 15, 2001, UNAMSIL was deployed. No further reports on the Joint Implementation Committee. 

2002

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2003

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2005

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

No further developments observed.