Official Language and Symbol: Agreement Between the Republic Niger Government and the ORA

1995 PEACE AGREEMENT

Section V. Economic, Social and Cultural Development 

Clause 22

C. Within the field of social and cultural development

2. Education

- promote national languages and writing, especially Tamachek and Tifinar

Implementation History

1995

Minimum Implementation

French is the official language, and the universal language for documentation; other languages in daily use include Hausa, Djerma, Tamacheq, Fulani, Arabic, Kanauri, Courmantche and Toubou. The government operates La Voix du Sahel radio service in French and several Niger languages.1

Tamacheq and Tifinar languages had the status of national languages, but it remains unclear whether the government will promote the use of these languages as agreed in the peace agreement.

  • 1. "Country Profile; Comment & Analysis; Statistics; Tables," in Niger: Review 1996, Africa Review World of Information, September 1995, 147.
1996

Minimum Implementation

Tamacheq and Tifinar languages were recognized as national languages by the government. 

1997

Minimum Implementation

No information is available on the promotion of the Tamacheq and Tifinar languages. 

1998

Minimum Implementation

According to the U.S. State department human rights reports, the government owned “radio Voix du Sahel transmits 14 hours per day, providing news and other programs in French, Hausa, Zarma, Tamashek, Fulfulde (also known as Fulani or Peuhl), Kanouri and several other local languages.” Several other private radio stations also featured news programs in local languages including Zarma and Hausa.2

There are no reports of publications in these languages by the government or in support of the government. The Niger government published a daily newspaper in French.

  • 2. "Niger Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 1998," US State Department, 1999.
1999

Minimum Implementation

No further information is available except that the government owned radio station was reported as providing news and other programs in several national languages. 

2000

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2001

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2002

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2003

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2004

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.