Education Reform: Lomé Peace Agreement

ARTICLE XXXI EDUCATION AND HEALTH The Government shall provide free compulsory education for the first nine years of schooling (Basic Education) and shall endeavour to provide free schooling for a further three years.

Implementation History

1999

No Implementation

The Government did not implement plans to provide free basic education in 1999, a stipulation in the Lomé agreement.

2000

No Implementation

The Government did not implement plans to provide free basic education. 

2001

Intermediate Implementation

The Free Primary Education Policy was introduced in 2001. According to the policy, primary school children in public schools were offered free schooling.1

The free primary education covered students in classes one to six. In 2001, there were 554,308 pupils enrolled in primary education, 42% of which were female. There were 14,875 primary education teachers.2

2002

Intermediate Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2003

Intermediate Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2004

Full Implementation

The Education Minister stated that the Government expected to, “expand early free and compulsory education for all primary school children."3 The Government wanted to increase the literacy rate from 36% to 72% by 2005, as well as meet targets to reduce gender disparities in primary and secondary education.4 In 2004, the Education Act was enacted. Primary school enrollment was expected to be approximately 1,135,000 in 2003/2004.5

The Free Primary Education Policy was in place, and the Education Act was enacted in 2004. 

  • 3. "Sierra Leone; Education Ministry Meets With Stakeholders," Africa News, June 28, 2004.
  • 4. Ibid.
  • 5. "National Report on the Review of the Implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action 2001-2010," 2009.
2005

Full Implementation

The Free Primary Education Policy was in place, and the Education Act was enacted in 2004. There was considerable progress made in terms of enrollment and developing infrastructure. According to the World Bank, there were 1,322,205 pupils enrolled in primary education, 48% of which were female. The number of primary school teachers increased to 30,239.

2006

Full Implementation

Considerable progress made in terms of enrollment and developing educational infrastructure.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.