Detailed Implementation Timeline: General Peace Agreement for Mozambique

Protocol IV.I:

iv. Timetable for the process

(a) The formation of the FADM shall commence with the appointment of the following:

- CCFADM, prior to the entry into force of the ceasefire (E-Day);
- The FADM High Command on E-Day + 1;
- The commanders of the three service branches and the logistics command;
- The commanders of the military regions;
- The unit commanders.

(b) General staffs shall be organized immediately following the appointment of each command;

(c) The system of administrative and logistics support shall be organized taking into account the new size of the FADM, in accordance with the principle of utilizing or transforming existing structures on the basis of the plans of the FADM High Command, as approved by CCFADM.

Protocol IV.VI:

3. Timetable

E-Day: Installation of CCF and commencement of its functions

E-Day + 30: Definition by both Parties of the troops to be demobilised; activation of demobilisation structures and initiation of the process

E-Day + 60: Demobilisation of at least 20 per cent of the total troops to be demobilised

E-Day + 90: Demobilisation of at least a further 20 per cent of the total troops to be demobilised

E-Day + 120: Demobilisation of at least a further 20 per cent of the total troops to be demobilised

E-Day + 150: Demobilisation of at least a further 20 per cent of the total troops to be demobilised

E-Day + 180: End of demobilisation of the troops to be demobilised.

Protocol V.I. Timetable for the conduct of the electoral process:

1. The elections to the Assembly of the Republic and the post of President of the Republic shall be held simultaneously and shall take place one year after the date of signature of the General Peace Agreement, as provided for in Protocol III.

2. Further to the provisions set forth in Protocol III, the Parties also agree as follows:

(a) By E-Day + 60, the Government shall establish the National Elections Commission provided for in Protocol III;

(b) Immediately following the signature of the General Peace Agreement, the Government, for purposes of the provisions of Protocol III, shall request technical and material support from the United Nations and OAU;

(c) The Government shall draft the Electoral Act in consultation with RENAMO and the other parties within at most two months from the adoption by the Assembly of the Republic of the legal instruments incorporating the Protocols and guarantees, as well as the General Peace Agreement , into Mozambican law. The approval and publication of the Electoral Act shall take place within at most one month following the completion of its drafting;

(d) Within 60 days following the signature of the General Peace Agreement, the Government and RENAMO shall agree on the observers to be invited for the electoral process. The Government shall draw up the corresponding invitations;

(e) The election campaign shall begin 45 days before the date of the elections;

(f) By the date of commencement of the election campaign, all parties taking part must have been registered and have submitted their lists of candidates as well as their respective symbols;

(g) By the date of commencement of the election campaign, the candidates for the Presidency of the Republic must have submitted their candidacies in conformity with the legally prescribed requirements;

(h) The election campaign shall conclude 48 hours before the start of voting;

(i) The elected Assembly of the Republic shall take office 15 days after the publication of the lists giving the results of the election. The lists giving the results of the election shall be published not more than eight days after the closure of voting;

(j) The investiture of the elected President of the Republic shall take place one week after the elected Assembly of the Republic has taken office.

Protocol VI.II. Operational timetable for the cease-fire:

E-Day:

Entry into force of the cease-fire and beginning of United Nations verification

Beginning of the cessation of the armed conflict (CAC)

Beginning of the separation of forces phase

E-Day +5:

End of the separation of forces phase

E-Day +6:

Beginning of the concentration of forces phase Beginning of the withdrawal of foreign forces and contingents from the country

E-Day +30:

End of the concentration of forces phase

End of the withdrawal of foreign forces and contingents from the country

E-Day +180:

End of the demobilisation phase and of the CAC

Implementation History

1992

The implementation schedule of the General Peace Agreement for Mozambique was partially realized as more time was needed for both sides to adjust and conform to the new rules. Demobilization took longer than expected, which pushed back the general elections as well. The UN mission was also slow to materialize, leaving the peace process to sustain itself until late February 1993. The time lags did not substantially hinder the peace process. 

1993

Intermediate Implementation

Until late February 1993, implementation timeline was partially met. Demobilization took longer than expected but started in January 1993, which pushed back the general elections as well. The UN mission was also slow to materialize, leaving the peace process to sustain itself until late February 1993.   

1994

Full Implementation

Elections, which were originally scheduled for October 1993, took place in October 1994, signaling the completion of the formal process. 

1995

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1996

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1997

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1998

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1999

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2000

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2001

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.