Women's Rights: Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi

Protocol II, Chapter I, Article 3:

1. The rights and duties proclaimed and guaranteed inter alia by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Human Rights, the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child shall form an integral part of the Constitution of the Republic of Burundi. These fundamental rights shall not be limited or derogated from, except in justifiable circumstances acceptable in international law and set forth in the Constitution.

4. All women and men shall be equal. No one may be discriminated against, inter alia, on grounds of origin, race, ethnicity, gender, colour, language, social situation, or religious, philosophical or political convictions, or by reason of a physical or mental handicap. All citizens shall enjoy equal protection of the law, as well as equal treatment under the law.

6. All women and men shall have the right to life.

7. All women and men shall have the right to personal freedom, including mental integrity, and to freedom of movement. Torture and any other inhuman, degrading treatment or punishment shall be prohibited. Everyone right to be free from violence from either public or private sources.

10. All women and men shall have the right to respect for their private and family life, residence and personal communications.

11. There shall be freedom of marriage, including the right to choose one's partner. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.

19. Property rights shall be guaranteed for all women and men. Compensation that is fair and equitable under the circumstances shall be payable in case of expropriation, which shall be allowed only in the public interest and in accordance with a law which shall also set forth the basis of compensation.

Protocol IV, Chapter II, Article 13:

(d) Initiation of tangible actions for the advancement of women;

Protocol IV, Chapter III, Article 16:

(i) Promotion of the role of women and youth in development, with the aid of specific measures to benefit them;

Implementation History

2003

No Implementation

The accord eliminates all forms of discrimination against women and gives women property rights. The accord sought to promote women in development. No significant programs were found.

2004

No Implementation

No developments observed this year. 

2005

Intermediate Implementation

Article 19 of the constitution that went into effect in March 2005 contained a section named "Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women". Moreover, it was recognized as an integral part of the constitution. Article 129 and Article 164 guarantee 30% of positions to women in the government and in national assembly. These changes are reflected in human rights indicators such as the CIRI Human Rights Data Project. Programs aimed at economic and social rights of women, however, could not be found at the national level.1

  • 1. David L. Cingranelli and David L. Richards, The Cingranelli-Richards (CIRI) Human Rights Dataset (v. 2011.12.09), accessed February 21, 2013, http://www.humanrightsdata.org.
2006

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.