Withdrawal of Troops: National Pact

TITLE II: ON THE FINAL CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES AND ON THE SETTLEMENT OF QUESTIONS EMERGING FROM THE SITUATION OF ARMED CONFLICT

66. 7. Within sixty days following the signature of the Pact, a programme will be put into effect comprised of the following measures:

B -In addition, and in the same spirit of restoring confidence, eliminating factors of insecurity and installing an atmosphere of permanent security, there will be a substantial, gradual and appropriate reduction of the armed forces presently in the North, leading to the withdrawal of the majority. This operation will be carried out in accordance with:

-the final ending of hostilities, according to the ceasefire determined in paragraph 5 above.

Implementation History

1992

Minimum Implementation

The Malian armies were not immediately removed from combat zones after National Pact was signed. In the initial phase, troops were not withdrawn from the North. Later in the year, some reductions were made.1

  • 1. Robin-Edward Poulton and Ibrahim ag Youssouf, A Peace in Timbuktu: Democratic Governance, Development and African Peacemaking (United Nations Publication, 1998), 67.
1993

No Implementation

Violence erupted between the movements and the Malian army and the withdrawal of troops did not take place.2

  • 2. Ibid., 68.
1994

No Implementation

The withdrawal of troops did not take place and the army was engaged in fighting in the north.3

1995

Intermediate Implementation

Civil society became involved in the peace process in 1995. To create an environment suitable for dialogue and reconciliation, the president, in concord with the provisions of the peace agreement, organized the withdrawal of troops from the north. Many of the troops were confined to barracks.4

  • 4. Ibid., 114.
1996

Intermediate Implementation

Information regarding withdrawal of remaining troops not available. 

1997

Intermediate Implementation

Information regarding withdrawal of remaining troops not available. 

1998

Intermediate Implementation

Information regarding withdrawal of remaining troops not available. 

1999

Intermediate Implementation

Information regarding withdrawal of remaining troops not available. 

2000

Intermediate Implementation

Information regarding withdrawal of remaining troops not available. 

2001

Intermediate Implementation

Information regarding withdrawal of remaining troops not available.