Withdrawal of Troops: Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi

Ceasefire Agreement (2 December 2002)

Article II

1.4 The withdrawal of all foreign troops after the findings of the Commission of Inquiry which will investigate their presence within both the Burundian armed forces and the ranks of CNDD-FDD.

Implementation History

2003

No Implementation

Foreign troops were present within the rebel and the government armed forces and therefore the Ceasefire Agreement of December 2002, which was a part of the 2003 CPA requires withdrawal of all foreign troops. Nevertheless, foreign troops were not withdrawn from Burundi.

2004

Full Implementation

In April 2004, Burundian army chief of staff Brig-Gen Germain Niyoyankana said that the Rwandan military had ordered the immediate withdrawal of Rwandan troops from Burundi.1 Exact withdrawal date is not available.

  • 1. "Rwanda Deploys Troops Along Border With Burundi, DRC," Africa News, April 26, 2004.
2005

Full Implementation

Foreign troops, particularly the Rwandan troops, were withdrawn from Burundi in 2004.

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.