Withdrawal of Troops: Abuja Peace Agreement

ABUJA PEACE AGREEMENT

2. To the total withdrawal from Guinea-Bissau of all foreign troops. This withdrawal shall be done simultaneously with the deployment of an ECOWAS Military Observer Group interposition force, which will take over from the withdrawn forces;

Implementation History

1998

No Implementation

As fighting continued in Guinea-Bissau, the president called upon the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to intervene to restore order. Two ECOWAS countries (Senegal and Guinea) sent troops to Guinea-Bissau.1 The Abuja Peace Agreement, however, required the simultaneous withdrawal of foreign troops (from Guinea and Senegal) with the deployment of ECOMOG forces. After the Abuja Peace Accord, an ECOMOG evaluation team from Nigeria was sent to Guinea-Bissau to take over from Guinea and Senegalese troops, which were sent to support President Vieira.2 ECOMOG started its deployment in Guinea-Bissau, but there was no report of the withdrawal of the foreign troops from Senegal and Guinea.

  • 1. “Hopes dashed over Guinea-Bissau conflict, as west African summit ends,” Agence France Presse, October 31, 1998.
  • 2. “ECOMOG evaluation team sent to Guinea-Bissau,” Xinhua News Agency, November 14, 1998.
1999

Full Implementation

Senegalese and Guinean troops were reported on January 14, 1999 to have begun their withdrawal following the arrival of the Togolese contingent of the ECOWAS troops.3

  • 3. ;"Guinea-Bissau," Keesing's Record of World Events 45 (January 1999): 42708; “Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to Security Council resolution 1216 (1998) relative to the situation in Guinea-Bissau,” U.N. Security Council (S/1999/294), March 17, 1999.
2000

Full Implementation

Foreign troops were withdrawn from Guinea-Bissau in January of 1999. 

2001

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.