Withdrawal of Troops: Abidjan Peace Agreement

ARTICLE 12

...Government shall use all its endeavors, consistent with its treaty obligations, to repatriate other foreign troops no later than three months after the deployment of the Neutral Monitoring Group or six months after the signing of the Peace Agreement, whichever is earlier.

Implementation History

1996

No Implementation

According to the The Courier Mail (Queensland), foreign troops were supporting the Sierra Leone army against the RUF and those forces were not withdrawn immediately after the signing of the peace agreement.1

  • 1. "Sierra Leone rocked by coup," Courier Mail (Queensland, Australia), May 27, 1997.
1997

No Implementation

After the military coup in May 1997, all foreign troops supporting the army were ordered back to their respective local bases.2 The leader of the military coup (Major Johnny Paul Koroma) was involved in negotiations on May 31, 1997 with senior representatives of other West African states in an effort to prevent a conflict between the foreign troops inside Sierra Leone and his Units.3 

Together with Ivory Coast, Guinea and Ghana, Nigeria began an effort in July 1997 to restore President Kabbah to power.  

  • 2. "Sierra Leone rocked by coup," Courier Mail.
  • 3. "Sierra Leone coup leader in talks to avert military intervention," Deutsche Presse-Agentur, May 31, 1997.
1998

No Implementation

In 1998, the former government ousted the RUF/AFRC government. RUF and the former government returned to full scale civil war in 1998.4

Coding for this case ceased on December 31, 1998.

  • 4. "Uppsala Conflict Data Program," Uppsala University Department of Peace and Conflict Research, accessed June 3, 2011, www.ucdp.uu.se/database.