Verification/Monitoring Mechanism: Agreement between the Republic of Indonesia and the Portuguese Republic on the question of East Timor

ANNEX I, 2

Request the Secretary-General to establish, immediately after the signing of this Agreement, an appropriate United Nations mission in East Timor to enable him to effectively carry out the popular consultation.

Annex I, 7

During the interim period between the conclusion of the popular consultation and the start of the implementation of either option, the parties request the Secretary-General to maintain an adequate United Nations presence in East Timor.

Annex II, 3

Immediately following the conclusion of the agreement between the two Governments requesting the Secretary-General to consult the East Timorese people on whether they would accept or reject the proposed constitutional framework for autonomy, the Secretary-General will, subject to the appropriate legislative mandate, begin preparations for the popular consultation by deploying in East Timor such personnel as will be adequate for the purpose of executing the various phases of the consultation process. Preparations for the vote outside East Timor will also begin at locations of major East Timorese concentration outside East Timor.

Annex II, E (f): Observers

Indonesia shall be entitled to send an equal number of representatives to observe all the operational phases of the consultation process both inside and outside East Timor. International observers will be able to observe the consultation process under terms to be developed by the United Nations to regulate their presence.

Annex II, G

The Indonesian Authorities will ensure a secure environment for a free and fair popular consultation process and will be responsible for the security of United Nations personnel. A number of United Nations security guards will be deployed to ensure the security and safety of United Nations personnel and property. A number of international civilian police will be available in East Timor to advise the Indonesian Police during the operational phases of the popular consultation and, at the time of the consultation, to supervise the escort of ballot papers and boxes to and from polling sites.

Annex III, 4

The police will be solely responsible for the maintenance of law and order. The Secretary-General, after obtaining the necessary mandate, will make available a number of civilian police officers to act as advisers to the Indonesian Police in the discharge of their duties and, at the time of the consultation, to supervise the escort of ballot papers and boxes to and from the polling sites.

Implementation History

1999

Full Implementation

The UN had 250 unarmed police deployed alongside Indonesian contingents during the consultation period. This was complemented by an international civilian staff of 600, 400 of which were posted to monitor polling stations across the country during the popular consultation. UN personnel reported a campaign characterized by intimidation from pro-Indonesian militias, supposedly supported by the Indonesian military.1 In addition, over 1,000 independent observers from around the world were present for the poll.2

A popular consultation was held on 30 August 1999. During the consultation 446,953 East Timorese, or 98.6% of registered voters, cast ballots both within and outside East Timor. 78.5% of voters rejected the incorporation of East Timor into Indonesia under a special autonomy agreement in favor of independence.3

This completed the UNAMET verification mandate related to the "consultation of East Timorese people."

2000

Full Implementation

No further development reported. UNAMET verification mandat related to population consultation completed in 1999.

2001

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.