Reintegration: MoU between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

(15 AUGUST, 2005)

3.2 Reintegration into society

3.2.1 As citizens of the Republic of Indonesia, all persons having been granted amnesty or released from prison or detention will have all political, economic and social rights as well as the right to participate freely in the political process both in Aceh and on the
national level.

3.2.2 Persons who during the conflict have renounced their citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia will have the right to regain it.

3.2.3 GoI and the authorities of Aceh will take measures to assist persons who have participated in GAM activities to facilitate their reintegration into the civil society. These measures include economic facilitation to former combatants, pardoned
political prisoners and affected civilians. A Reintegration Fund under the administration of the authorities of Aceh will be established.

3.2.4 GoI will allocate funds for the rehabilitation of public and private property destroyed or damaged as a consequence of the conflict to be administered by the authorities of Aceh.

3.2.5 GoI will allocate suitable farming land as well as funds to the authorities of Aceh for the purpose of facilitating the reintegration to society of the former combatants and the compensation for political prisoners and affected civilians. The authorities of Aceh will use the land and funds as follows:

a) All former combatants will receive an allocation of suitable farming land, employment or, in the case of incapacity to work, adequate social security from the authorities of Aceh.

b) All pardoned political prisoners will receive an allocation of suitable farming land, employment or, in the case of incapacity to work, adequate social security from the authorities of Aceh.

c) All civilians who have suffered a demonstrable loss due to the conflict will receive an allocation of suitable farming land, employment or, in the case of incapacity to work, adequate social security from the authorities of Aceh.

3.2.6 The authorities of Aceh and GoI will establish a joint Claims Settlement Commission to deal with unmet claims.

3.2.7 GAM combatants will have the right to seek employment in the organic police and organic military forces in Aceh without discrimination and in conformity with national standards.

5. Establishment of the Aceh Monitoring Mission

5.2 The tasks of the AMM are to:

c) monitor the reintegration of active GAM members,

Implementation History

2005

Minimum Implementation

As per the MoU, along with prisoners and victims, 3,000 GAM combatants were expected to go through a reintegration program. The reintegration program for combatants was not established. As provided, the AMM was established in September 2005. Among other responsibilities, the AMM monitored the reintegration process. The AMM established the multiparty mechanism, the Commission on Security Arrangements (COSA), to deal with issues related to the peace process. In the COSA meeting in October, GAM and the government reached an agreement on the disbursement of payments to GAM regional commanders, who in turn would distribute the money. According to a report, the government made two rounds of payments to GAM for the short-term reintegration of GAM combatants.1 The long-term reintegration would involve access to suitable farmland.

  • 1. "Aceh: So Far, So Good," International Crisis Group Asia Briefing N°44, December 13, 2005.
2006

Intermediate Implementation

In February 2006 the National Reintegration Agency (Badan Reintegrasi Aceh, BRA) was established by another governor decree to oversee the reintegration process and Forbes Bersama was integrated into the BRA. After the creation of BRA, ex-GAM combatants received reintegration packages. Empowerment projects were also funded.2

No concrete steps on the distribution of farm lands to ex-combatants were observed.

  • 2. "Aceh: Now for the Hard Part," International Crisis Group Asia Briefing N°48, March 29, 2006.
2007

Intermediate Implementation

The government ran a reintegration program through BRA. While combatants received short-term reintegration support, including projects for empowerment, farming land was not given.

2008

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2013

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2014

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.