Reintegration: Memorandum of Settlement (Bodo Accord)

18. Relief and Rehabilitation

(i) ABSU - BPAC leaders will take immediate steps to bring overground and deposit with the District authorities all arms, ammunition and explosives in the possession of their own supporters and will cooperate with the administration in bringing overground all Bodo militants along with their arms and ammunition etc. within one month of the formation of the Interim BEC. In order to ensure the smooth return to civil life of the cadre and to assist in the quick restoration of peace and normalcy, such surrenders made voluntarily will not attract prosecution.

(iv) The Government of Assam will initiate immediate steps for suitable rehabilitation of the Bodo militants coming overground as a result of this settlement. Similarly, the Government will organise ex-gratia payments as per rules to next of the kins killed during the Bodo agitation.

Implementation History

1993

Intermediate Implementation

The Bodo Accord promised to provide suitable rehabilitation of Bodo militants. It was reported the Government of Assam implemented a scheme called "100% Special Margin Money Scheme" for the rehabilitation of misguided youths from 1 June 1992 to 31 March 1997. Under the scheme, it was said 1,404 Bodo and 3,439 ULFA surrenderees received Indian Rupee Rs. 99.30 crores (993 Million Indian Rupees) for the rehabilitation.1

  • 1. Ajai Sahni and Bibhu Prasad Routray, "SULFA: Terror By Another Name," Frontline (9), www.satp.org.
1994

Intermediate Implementation

No developments observed this year.

1995

Intermediate Implementation

No developments observed this year.

1996

Intermediate Implementation

No developments observed this year.

1997

Intermediate Implementation

By March 1997, only 1,404 Bodo militants seem to be rehabilitated after the 1993 accord.2

1998

Intermediate Implementation

No developments observed this year.

1999

Intermediate Implementation

Along with lump sum financial packages, the government also created self employment avenues in farming, fishery, poultry farming, broiler farming, dairy farming, mini tea gardening etc.3 

2000

No further developments observed.

2001

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.