Reintegration: General Peace Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Senegal and MFDC

Clause three: Reintegration of Ex-Combatants

1. Exceptionally, the State of Senegal accepts to integrate the ex-combatants of the MFDC in the paramilitary corps, according to the principle of voluntary service following the conditions in force.

2. With the help of the Agence Nationale pour la Relance des Activites economiques et sociales en Casamance, ANRAC (The National Agency for the Stimulation of Economic and Social Activities in the Casamance) the Parties accept the principle to organize the necessary framework for the helping of ex-combatants from the MFDC who wish to do so, to start and finance income generating projects in the sectors that interest them.

3. The Parties encourage the group of Casamance officials, village chiefs and religious leaders in the Casamance to develop dynamics of forgiveness and reconciliation paving the way for the return to and reintegration in their native villages of the MFDC ex-combatants.

Implementation History

2005

No Implementation

There was no mention of the reintegration program.

2006

No Implementation

In a news interview in October 2006, Koussaynobo Alphonse Diedhiou, coordinator of the National Agency for the Reconstruction of Casamance (ANRAC), said that "It is very difficult to realise a programme of demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration of the rebels, for example, without a peace process in place. There has not been a meeting between the MFDC and the government since 2004" (United Nations, 2006).1

  • 1. “No End to Region’s Longest-Running War,” United Nations Integrated Regional Information Networks, October 16, 2006.
2007

No Implementation

According to an NGO report, as of March 2007 no attempt at reintegration had been made.2

2008

No Implementation

There was no mention of the reintegration program.

2009

No Implementation

There was no mention of the reintegration program.

2010

No Implementation

There was no mention of the reintegration program.

2011

No Implementation

In 2011, the press reported that “the demobilisation, disarmament and reinsertion of some 2,000 fighters…has never been carried out".3 Around the same time, President Wade asked the government to design a national program for the social reintegration of former MFDC fighters.4

  • 3. “Senegal’s president wants to reintegrate rebels,” Agence France Presse, February 18, 2011.
  • 4. Ibid.
2012

No Implementation

In his 2012 new year’s speech, Senegalese President Wade said he would facilitate the process of social reintegration of rebels after disarmament and demobilization.5

  • 5. “Dakar Bishop and Wade in Bid to End Rebellion,” The Nation (Nairobi), January 2, 2012.
2013

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2014

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.