Reintegration: Accord de paix et de la reconciliation nationale

Agreement for Peace and National Reconciliation-1994

SECTION VI: RE-BALANCING OF THE STATE APPARATUS

In order to respond to the concerns of many quarters and with the supreme purpose of exploring together the way of peace, the Government engages to guarantee the FRUD combatants jobs and integration within the political, military, administrative, social and economic fields, in concordance with the stipulations and quotas fixed jointly by the two parties and recorded in the annex of the present Peace agreement.

The stipulations concerning the integration of the combatants within the military field will regard the return of a quota of FRUD combatants with their arms.

Implementation History

1995

Minimum Implementation

It was recognized that around 12,300 ex-combatants from the government and 3,000 former rebels needed to be socially reintegrated. The first program (1995-96) was conceived as a cost saving exercise to reduce the total number of personnel under arms with allowances paid to both Armee Nationale de la Defense and FRUD to the cost of USD$ 7.8 million.1

  • 1. "Ex-Combatants Reintegration Pilot Project (Djibouti), Implementation completion Report (IDA-31540)," World Bank (Report No: 26251), 2003.
1996

Minimum Implementation

No developments observed this year.

1997

Minimum Implementation

As of 1997, only an estimated 3,000 were demobilized.2

1998

Intermediate Implementation

The World Bank funded the Djibouti Ex-Combatants Reintegration Project with $2.7 million with the target of supporting the reintegration of 3,800 ex-combatants.3

  • 3. "Ex-Combatants Reintegration Pilot Project (Djibouti), Implementation completion Report (IDA-31540)," World Bank (Report No: 26251), 2003.
1999

Intermediate Implementation

France, the European Union and the African Development Bank provided funding for the social reintegration of 8,500 soldiers.4

  • 4. Jos van Beurden, "Djibouti: External Conflict Internalised."
2000

Intermediate Implementation

Reintegration programs continued. 

2001

Intermediate Implementation

Reintegration programs continued. 

2002

Full Implementation

It was reported that the reintegration program funded by the World Bank was completed. The program helped 2,926 ex-combatants.5

  • 5. "Ex-Combatants Reintegration Pilot Project (Djibouti), Implementation completion Report (IDA-31540)."
2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.