Regional Peacekeeping Force: Accra Peace Agreement

ARTICLE III: CEASEFIRE MONITORING

1. The Parties call on ECOWAS to immediately establish a Multinational Force that will be deployed as an Interposition Force in Liberia, to secure the ceasefire, create a zone of separation between the belligerent forces and thus provide a safe corridor for the delivery of humanitarian assistance and free movement of persons.

2. The mandate of the ECOWAS Interposition Force shall also include the following:

(a) Facilitating and monitoring the disengagement of forces as provided under Article V of this Agreement;

(b) Obtaining data and information on activities relating to military forces of the parties to the Ceasefire Agreement and coordinating all military movements;

(c) Establishing conditions for the initial stages of Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) activities;

(d) Ensuring respect by the Parties for the definitive cessation of hostilities and all other aspects of the Ceasefire Agreement;

(e) Ensuring the security of senior political and military leaders;

(f) Also ensuring the security of all personnel and experts involved in the implementation of this Agreement in collaboration with all parties;

(g) Monitoring the storage of arms, munitions and equipment, including supervising the collection, storage and custody of battlefield or offensive armament in the hands of combatants.

ARTICLE IV: INTERNATIONAL STABILISATION FORCE

1. The GOL, the LURD, the MODEL and the Political Parties agree on the need for the deployment of an International Stabilization Force (ISF) in Liberia. Accordingly, the Parites hereby request the United Nations in collaboration with ECOWAS, the AU and the ICGL to facilitate, constitute, and deploy a United Nations Chapter VII force in the Republic of Liberia to support the transitional government and to assist in the implementation of this Agreement.

2. The ECOWAS Interposition Force is expected to become a part of the International Stablilisation Force.

3. The Parties request the ISF to assume the following mandate:

(a) Observe and monitor the ceasefire;

(b) Investigate violations of the security aspects of this Agreement and take necessary measures to ensure compliance;

(c) Monitor disengagement and cantonment of forces of the Parties and provide security at disarmament/cantonment sites;

(d) Collect weapons at disarmament sites and elsewhere and ensure that the weapons so collected are properly accounted for and adequately secured;

(e) Assist in the coordination and delivery of humanitarian assistance to displaced persons, refugees, returnees and other war-affected persons;

(f) Facilitate the provision and maintenance of humanitarian assistance and protect displaced persons, refugees, returnees and other affected persons;

(g) Verify all information, data, and activities relating to the military forces of the Parties;

(h) Along with ECOWAS and the International Contact Group on Liberia, provide advice and support to the Transitional Government provided for in this Agreement on the formation of a new and restructured Liberian Army;

(i) Assist with security for elections;

(j) Take the necessary means whenever the need arises and as it deems within its capabilities, to protect civilians, senior political and military leaders under imminent threat of physical violence;

(k) Coordinate with ECOWAS in the implementation of this Agreement.

Implementation History

2003

Full Implementation

On 1 August 2003 the UN Security Council passed Resolution 1497, which authorized the deployment of a multinational force to Liberia prior to the deployment of a UN peacekeeping force. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) began to deploy a force, ECOMIL, on 4 August 2003. By early September 3,500 troops had been deployed as part of ECOMIL. The UN peacekeeping mission in neighboring Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) provided support for the initial deployment of ECOMIL. The United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) assumed peacekeeping responsibilities from ECOMIL on 1 October 2003. At this time all 3,600 ECOMIL troops in Liberia were reassigned to the UNMIL. This deployment in October 2003 completed the regional peacekeeping provision of the accord.

2004

Full Implementation

The UNMIL assumed control over ECOWAS’ regional peacekeeping mandate in 2003. 

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.