Refugees: Agreement for the Reform and Civil Concord

Article 8: General Principles.

b) Facing the enormity of the task of national reconstruction, the two Parties have agreed to grant this budget item a very special significance and to involve all the appropriate measures having in view the rehabilitation of refugees and displaced persons, the compensation of individuals whose belongings have been destroyed during the conflict and the reconstruction of public infrastructure. 

Implementation History

2001

No Implementation

No information available on implementation in North (Afar) beyond a call for rehabilitation and reconstruction in the peace agreement. Refugee issue is very tricky in Djibouti as Djibouti’s nationality law allows people from neighboring countries to come to Djibouti (Source: Bezabeh, Samson A. 2011. "Citizenship and the logic of sovereignty in djibouti." African Affairs. doi: 10.1093/afraf/adr045). Nevertheless, Djibouti’s government has been expelling non- Issa people from the country.1

  • 1. Samson A. Bezabeh, "Citizenship and the logic of sovereignty in Djibouti," African Affairs (doi: 10.1093/afraf/adr045), 2011.
2002

No Implementation

No further developments occurred this year.

2003

No Implementation

Refugee provision of the accord was not implemented. In 2003, government attempted to expel 15% if the entire population (100,000 people) by labeling them illegal migrants.2

2004

No Implementation

Refugee provision of the accord was not implemented.

2005

No Implementation

Refugee provision of the accord was not implemented.

2006

No Implementation

Refugee provision of the accord was not implemented.

2007

Intermediate Implementation

Refugee provision of the accord was not implemented.

2008

No Implementation

Refugee provision of the accord was not implemented.

2009

No Implementation

Refugee provision of the accord was not implemented.

2010

No Implementation

Refugee provision of the accord was not implemented.