Refugees: Accra Peace Agreement

ARTICLE XXX: REFUGEES AND DISPLACED PERSONS

1. (a) The NTGL, with the assistance of the International Community, shall design and implement a plan for the voluntary return and reintegration of Liberian refugees and internally displaced persons, including non-combatants, in accordance with international conventions, norms and practices.

(b) Refugees or internally displaced persons, desirous of returning to their original Counties or permanent residences, shall be assisted to do so.

(c) The Parties commit themselves to peaceful co-existence amongst returnees and non-returnees in all Counties.

ARTICLE XIV: HUMANITARIAN RELIEF

1. (a) The Parties re-affirm the commitment made in the Ceasefire Agreement, to provide security guarantees for safe and unhindered access by all humanitarian agencies to vulnerable groups throughout the country, in order to facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance in accordance with international conventions, principles and norms governing humanitarian operations.

(b) Accordingly, the Parties agree to guarantee the security and movement of humanitarian personnel, that of their properties, goods transported, stocked or distributed, as well as their projects and beneficiaries.

2. The Transitional Government provided for in this agreement shall ensure the establishment of effective administrative and security infrastructure to monitor and support the implementation of these guarantees contained in sub-paragraph 1b of the present Article XIV.

3. The said Transitional Government shall request the International Community to assist in providing humanitarian assistance for those in need, including internally displaced persons, refugees and returnees.

4. The Parties shall ensure the presence of security guarantees for the safe return and resettlement of refugees and internally displaced persons and the free movement of persons and goods.

ARTICLE IV: INTERNATIONAL STABILIZATION FORCE

3. The Parties request the ISF to assume the following mandate:

(e) Assist in the coordination and delivery of humanitarian assistance to displaced persons, refugees, returnees and other war-affected persons;

(f) Facilitate the provision and maintenance of humanitarian assistance and protect displaced persons, refugees, returnees and other affected persons;

ARTICLE XXIV THE NATIONAL TRANSITIONAL LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (NTLA)

3. The NTLA shall have a maximum of Seventy-six (76) members who shall come from the following entities:

(b) The present Government of Liberia, the LURD, MODEL, the Political Parties, Civil Society and Interest Groups including the National Bar Association, the Liberian Business Organisations, Women Organizations, Trade Unions, Teachers Union, Refugees, the Liberians in the Diaspora/America and the Youth.

Implementation History

2003

No Implementation

Refugee repatriation efforts were not carried out in 2003. However, after heavy fighting between government and rebel forces occurred in the city, the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) did help relocate thousands of refugees and IDPs from irregular shelters in Monrovia to refugee and IDP camps. Nevertheless, necessary mechanisms were in place for the repatriation process.1

  • 1. "Secretary General's Report to the UN Security Council," United Nations (S/2003/1175), December 15, 2003.
2004

Intermediate Implementation

Much of the refugee and IDP repatriation that occurred from 2004 on was assisted by the UNHCR. As the security situation within Liberia improved in the last quarter of 2004, the UNHCR began to facilitate voluntary repatriation. 16,000 individuals were repatriated with UNHCR assistance. All individuals aided by the UNHCR received a basic return package including blankets, mosquito nets, lanterns, plastic mats, plastic sheets, buckets, jerry cans, kitchen sets, soap, and travel bags. The World Food Program (WFP) also provided returnees with 4 months of basic food rations. The food rations were given out in two installments - one upon immediate arrival and one after two months. In addition, 7,500 refugees and IDP families with farming backgrounds received agricultural tools and seeds as part of their return package.2

  • 2. "Global Report 2004 - Liberia," UNHCR.
2005

Intermediate Implementation

The UNHCR assisted 260,000 IDPs and 37,900 refugees with resettling. 150,000 refugees returned to their home communities on their own. All refugees and IDPs received standard non-food return packages and food rations from the WFP. In addition, the UNHCR implemented community empowerment projects (CEP). These projects encompassed water, sanitation, education, crop production, shelter, and income generation initiatives. Communities were encouraged to help plan CEP projects. The CEP program was the cornerstone of the reintegration program for the IDPs and refugees. The CEP projects in the main agricultural counties also received seeds and tools to assist with the backyard gardening of rice and vegetables.3

  • 3. "Global Report 2005," UNHCR.
2006

Intermediate Implementation

The UNHCR assisted 43,000 refugees and 51,300 IDPs with their return to their home communities. All returnees received household items through standard non-food return packages. The returnees also received 4 months of rations from the WFP. IDP camps were officially closed in April of 2006.4

  • 4. "Global Report 2006," UNHCR.
2007

Full Implementation

A total of 40,000 refugees returned to their home communities. 26,000 of these did so with the support of the UNHCR’s food and non-food rations. The UNHCR provided vocational training and human rights information sessions to 6,600 returnees. The attendees of these sessions were mostly women and young people. The voluntary repatriation operation in Liberia ended in June 2007 after it had helped 110,000 refugees return. An additional 50,000 refugees returned without UNHCR support between 2003 and 2007. Nevertheless, there were approximately 80,000 refugees to be repatriated from various countries in the sub-region.5

  • 5. "Secretary General's Report to the UN Security Council," United Nations (S/2007/479), August 8, 2007.
2008

Full Implementation

Most of the refugees had returned by 2007, either through the UNHCR initiatives or via self-repatriation.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.