Refugees: Accord de paix et de la reconciliation nationale

Agreement for Peace and National Reconciliation-1994

SECTION III: MANAGEMENT OF THE RETURN TO PEACE

d) FRUD undertakes to encourage the refugees and Djibouti displaced persons, finding themselves outside the national territory because of the war, to return home.

Therefore, FRUD undertakes to submit to the Government a list of the names of the Djibouti persons concerned so that the State may give them support and assistance.

Implementation History

1995

No Implementation

Little progress was reported in terms of resettling IDPs/refugees. According to the US State department Human Rights Practice – 1995 report, an estimated 10,000 to 18,000 Afars displaced by the civil war continued to live in Ethiopia. The major displacement to urban areas (83% of population by 1995 – Inter Government Authority on Development 2001) was only slowly reversed. The Government stated that the Afars were welcome to return, but it suspected that FRUD agitators were persuading the refugees not to return home. Afar refugees also perceived the northern region as being unsafe.1

1996

Minimum Implementation

Progress in resettling IDPs and refugees proceeded slowly. The Government stated that the Afars were welcome to return. However, Afar refugees perceived the northern region as unsafe. In addition, many of the Afars' homes and lands were occupied by Djiboutian soldiers and their families.2

  • 2. “Djibouti Human Rights Practices, 1996,” U.S. Department of State, 1997.
1997

Minimum Implementation

The resettling of displaced persons and refugees continued in 1997. According to the UN Secretary General’s report (document A/52/434), the Government needs needs to adequately address specific problems which affect the rehabilitation of affected areas and the reintegration schemes for the returnees. The immediate need, the report stated, was for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of damaged or destroyed social infrastructure (schools, dispensaries, water facilities) in all regions that have been affected by civil strife.3

  • 3. "Djibouti; Reconstruction and Development of Djibouti," Africa News, November 24, 1997.
1998

Intermediate Implementation

Of the estimated 18,000 Djiboutian Afars that fled to Ethiopia during the 1991-94 civil war, at least 10,000 were said to have repatriated themselves since the 1994 Peace Accord.4

  • 4. "Djibouti Human Rights Practices, 1998,” U.S. State Department, 1999.
1999

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2000

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2001

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2003

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.