Ratification Mechanism: Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi

Protocol II, Chapter II, Article 21:

Changes may be made to the transitional arrangements and the text of the Agreement with the consent of nine-tenths of the members of the transitional National Assembly.

Protocol II, Chapter II, Article 22:

2. By its signature the National Assembly agrees, within four weeks, to:

(a) Adopt the present Protocol as the supreme law without any amendments to the substance of the Agreement;

(b) Repeal the provisions of any legislation which prevent free political activity, or which would hinder the implementation of the present Protocol;

(c) Pending the installation of a transitional Government adopt such legislation as is necessary for the granting of temporary immunity against prosecution for politically motivated crimes committed prior to the signature of the Agreement.

Implementation History

2003

Full Implementation

Once the accord was signed on 28 August 2000, was not ratified in the parliamentary session in October for disagreement among deputies over dates of implementation of the accord. Nevertheless, on 30 November 2000, the transitional parliament ratified the accord.1

The accord was ratified in 2002 but came to full implementation only after the largest rebel group CNDD-FDD signed a protocol agreement in 2003.

  • 1. "Burundi national assembly ratifies Arusha peace accord," Agence France Presse, November 30, 2000.
2004

Full Implementation

The accord was ratified. No further developments occurred this year.

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.