Prisoner Release: MoU between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING 15 AUGUST, 2005

3.1 Amnesty

3.1.2 Political prisoners and detainees held due to the conflict will be released unconditionally as soon as possible and not later than within 15 days of the signature of this MoU.

3.2 Reintegration into society

3.2.3 GoI and the authorities of Aceh will take measures to assist persons who have participated in GAM activities to facilitate their reintegration into the civil society. These measures include economic facilitation to former combatants, pardoned political prisoners and affected civilians. A Reintegration Fund under the administration of the authorities of Aceh will be established.

3.2.5 GoI will allocate suitable farming land as well as funds to the authorities of Aceh for the purpose of facilitating the reintegration to society of the former combatants and the compensation for political prisoners and affected civilians. The authorities of Aceh will use the land and funds as follows:

b) All pardoned political prisoners will receive an allocation of suitable farming land, employment or, in the case of incapacity to work, adequate social security from the authorities of Aceh.

Implementation History

2005

Full Implementation

As required by the MoU, the Indonesian government immediately started the process of releasing rebel prisoners. As of 30 August, more than 70 rebels were released, of which four were senior GAM leaders.1 More than 1400 prisoners were released on 31 August 2005.2

Altogether, the government released 1,425 GAM members from prison across Java and Sumatra. The European Union provided €4 million in financial support for the reintegration of former prisoners into civilian lives. From support provided by international donors, the government provided immediate “reinsertion” support of €200, along with other necessities and transportation to return to their communities. The released prisoners were also eligible for further financial support before the long term reintegration aid became available.3

  • 1. "Indonesia Frees Rebel Prisoners from Aceh," Associated Press, August 30, 2005.
  • 2. "Indonesia releases Aceh rebel prisoners as stipulated in peace deal," Associated Press, August 31, 2005.
  • 3. "Aceh: So Far, So Good," International Crisis Group Asia Briefing N°44, December 13, 2005; "EU offers 4 million euros to fund former Aceh rebel prisoners," Xinhua General News Service, September 9, 2005.
2006

Full Implementation

While prisoners were released, the government has yet to implement the long term reintegration of ex-prisoners. As of now, the government is discussing a program that would allocate 2 hectares of land. The program gives the prisoners the rights to use the land for 75 years, but not the land title. The land distribution is said to start in 2013.4

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2013

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2014

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.