Prisoner Release: Lusaka Protocol

ANNEX 3: AGENDA ITEM II.1: MILITARY ISSUES (I)

II. Specific Principles Relating to the Re-Established Cease-fire:

10. Release of all civilian and military prisoners detained or withheld as a consequence of the conflict, under the supervision of the ICRC.

Timetable of the Bilateral Cease-Fire Modalities:

Phase One:

Step three begins with the release of all civilian and military prisoners detained or withheld as a consequence of the conflict, under the supervision of the ICRC.

Implementation History

1994

No Implementation

There were no major developments in November or December on this provision.

1995

No Implementation

UNIVEM-3 reported that no further progress had been achieved regarding the release of prisoners.1

  • 1. “Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III),” U.N. Security Council (S/1995/1012), December 7, 1995.
1996

Full Implementation

In early February, the Angolan government announced that it had fulfilled its pledge to release hundreds of UNITA prisoners.2

UNAVEM noted in its April report that substantial “progress has been recorded regarding the release of prisoners. The Government has freed all of the 354 detainees registered with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), and by 1 April UNITA had released 157.”3

  • 2. “Security Council Likely to Extend Angola Peace Mission Three Months,” Associated Press, February 6, 1996.
  • 3. "Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III),” U.N. Security Council (S/1996/248), April 4, 1996.
1997

Full Implementation

There were no further developments regarding the release of war prisoners. 

1998

Full Implementation

There were no further developments regarding the release of war prisoners.

The Uppsala Conflict Data Program coded the conflict between the Angolan government and UNITA as reaching the threshold of “war” in 1998 with over 1000 total deaths in the year. Coding for this case stops December 31 1998.