Prisoner Release: Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord (CHT)

D) REHABILITATION, GENERAL AMNESTY AND OTHER MATTERS

16. b. All the JSS members including the armed ones against whom cases have been lodged, warrant of arrest and police circular for apprehension issued and punishment has been sentenced/inflicted in the absence, after surrendering of arms and return to normal life all the cases, warrants of arrest, police circulars and punishment sentenced in the absence against them shall be exempted as soon as possible. If JSS members are detained in the jails they also shall be released.

Implementation History

1998

Intermediate Implementation

Page 42 of the Parbatya Chattagram Jana Samhati Samiti or PCJSS report (English: United People's Party of the Chittagong Hill Tracts) stated that all PCJSS members serving out terms in jail had been released. No dates were given for when they were released, although the information followed a narrative of events from 1998 to 1999.1

As of October of 1998, seven of the 22 jailed PCJSS members listed by the PCJSS were released. Four others were released after their cases had been withdrawn. Release orders were issued on 21 October for Milon Chakma, Nikhil Chakma, Apru Mong Master, Nil Chandra Tanchaingya, Amal Krishna, Usha Mong Marma, and Nagendra Tanchaingya.2

In 1998 the PCJSS turned in a list of 844 cases filed against 2,524 members to be withdrawn or dropped.3

A later PCJSS report stated that in 720 out of 839 cases, the decision made by the government to withdraw the legal case was not implemented. Given that all war prisoners were released, this appeared to be a matter of whether or not other criminal cases were officially dropped - which we must consider as another matter (degree of amnesty). There remained some ambiguous cases of PCJSS members who remained incarcerated; nevertheless, this provision appeared to have been fully implemented as of 1998 or early 1999.5

  • 1. “Report on the Implementation of the CHT Accord,” PCJSS, 2011.
  • 2. “Release of 7 PCJSS members ordered,” The Independent, October 21, 1998.
  • 3. Bushra Hasina Chowdhury, “Building Lasting Peace: Issues of the Implementation of the Chittagong Hill Tracts Accord,” (unpublished manuscript for the Program in Arms Control, Disarmament, and International Security, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2002).
  • 5. “Report on the Implementation of the CHT Accord,” PCJSS, 2011.
1999

Full Implementation

Some ambiguous cases of PCJSS members remained in 1999, but the overwhelming majority of war prisoners had been released as of 1998 or early 1999.6

2000

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2001

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.