Police Reform: General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord in Tajikistan

Protocol on Political Questions (18 May 1997)

Article 3: The reform of the Government shall be carried out by incorporating representatives of the United Tajik Opposition into the structures of the executive branch, including ministries, departments, local government bodies and judicial and law-enforcement bodies on the basis of a quota. The candidates put forward shall be appointed in accordance with a proposal by the United Tajik Opposition following consultations between the President and the Chairman of the Commission on National Reconciliation.

Implementation History

1997

No Implementation

In 1997, there were no reports of any efforts to incorporate UTO troops into law enforcement agencies. As outlined in the accord text, such a program should have fallen under the jurisdiction of the CNR. 

1998

No Implementation

No reports were found of any programs having to do with the integration of UTO fighters into police forces or law enforcement agencies. The International Crises Group also reported that attempts at police reform undertaken in 1998 and 1999 were unsuccessful.2

  • 2. "Central Asia: The Politics of Police Reform," International Crisis Group, Asia Report no. 42, December 10, 2002.
1999

No Implementation

No reports were found of any programs having to do with the integration of UTO fighters into police forces and law enforcement agencies. The International Crises Group also reported that attempts at police reform undertaken in 1998 and 1999 were unsuccessful.3

2000

No Implementation

As of the end of 2000, when the CNR was wrapping up its planning and oversight activities, there were no reports of UTO fighters being integrated into the police forces. Around 4,498 UTO fighters were integrated into the military or armed forces, but there was no mention of any integration efforts aimed at police forces, whether national or local.4

While it is possible that a compromise was worked out on this issue during the integration of UTO troops into the armed forces that involved some type of substitution of UTO forces, the CNR makes no reference to any such deal. Moreover, the discussion of the integration of UTO troops into the military is in a different section of the accord than the section above that deals with quotas in law enforcement. Integration of UTO troops into the military is covered under "Protocol on Military Issues", while the UTO quotas into law enforcement agencies is covered under "Protocol on Political Questions." 

  • 4. Rashid Abdullo, "Implementation of the 1997 General Agreement: Success, Dilemmas, and Challenges," in Politics of Compromise: the Tajikistan Peace Process, eds. K. Abdullaev and C. Barnes (London: Conciliation Resources, 2001), Accord 10: 48–53.
2001

No Implementation

No reports found of UTO fighters being integrated into the police forces. 

2002

No Implementation

No further developments observed.

2003

No Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

No Implementation

No further developments observed.

2005

No Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

No Implementation

No further developments observed.