Police Reform: Agreement on Ending Hostilities in the Republic of Congo

AGREEMENT ON ENDING HOSTILITIES IN THE REPUBLIC OF CONGO

(29 DECEMBER 1999)

Chapter IV: From the Security Forces

Political stability and peace closely depend on the solutions brought to security issues in general and to the Security Forces in particular.

The status, composition, command and the establishment of the Security Forces must guarantee the stability of institutions, peace, the mutual trust of all brothers in arms in general, and the signatories of this agreement in particular, who undertake to fully contribute to the process of the imperative reorganisation of the Security Forces, while also focusing on issues relating to rebuilding careers.

Article 6: The signatories of this agreement demand:

The reorganisation of the Security Forces;

The unconditional reinstatement into the Security Forces, reprising the same rank they held on June 5th 1997, of soldiers, gendarmes, and other civilian personnel who have joined their respective body no later than the date on which this agreement is signed;

An end to all military action against the FADR signatories of this agreement;

Recruitment into the Security Forces and reintegration into society of FADR members.

Chapter V: From the Government of the Republic

Article 7: The signatories of this agreement recommend:

The establishment of a National Committee for the Reorganisation of the Security Forces.

Implementation History

2000

Full Implementation

It was very difficult to evaluate reforms in the police force or in gendarmerie after the signing of the two accords in 1999 as neither accord was very clear about police force reform. The only provision related to the police was that which specified the reinstatement of policemen to the jobs they abandoned to join the rebel movements. After the accord was signed, between 500 and 600 ex-Ntsiloulous were integrated into the police force.1 Similarly, an estimated 1000-1500 ex-Cobras were accepted into the police force,2 as well as an estimated 500-600 ex-Cocoyes.3 Most of the reinstatements took place before 2002.

  • 1. Anders Themner, Violence in Post-Conflict Societies: Remarginalization, Remobilization and Relationships. (London: Routledge, 2011), 56.
  • 2. Ibid., 66.
  • 3. Ibid., 77.
2001

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2002

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.