Paramilitary Groups: General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina

THE GENERAL FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT: ANNEX I-B

Agreement on Regional Stabilization

Article II: Confidence- and Security-Building Measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Article II: Confidence- and Security-Building Measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Within seven days after this Agreement (hereinafter "Annex") enters into force, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Republika Srpska shall at an appropriately high political level commence negotiations under the auspices of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (hereinafter "OSCE") to agree upon a series of measures to enhance mutual confidence and reduce the risk of conflict, drawing fully upon the 1994 Vienna Document of the Negotiations on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures of the OSCE. The objective of these negotiations is to agree upon an initial set of measures within forty-five (45) days after this Annex enters into force including, but not necessarily limited to, the following:

e. notification of disbandment of special operations and armed civilian groups

Implementation History

1995

Intermediate Implementation

Armed civilian groups or militias were a characteristic feature of the civil war; these groups generally disbanded after the ceasefire. According to a UN Secretary General’s report,1 as soon as the cease fire agreement entered into force, the security situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina improved significantly. Compliance with provisions under the cease-fire agreement was much better and neither side was found engaging in offensive activities. The report further suggested that all parties were participating in joint military commissions. The cessation of organized violence was not observed after October 1995, although sporadic communal violence did continue.

  • 1. “Report of the Secretary-General Pursuant to Security Council Resolutions 981 (1995), 982 (1995) and 983 (1995),” U.N. Security Council (S/1995/987), November 23,  1995.
1996

Intermediate Implementation

No hostilities of major scale were reported.

1997

Intermediate Implementation

No hostilities of major scale were reported.

1998

Intermediate Implementation

No hostilities of major scale were reported.

1999

Intermediate Implementation

No hostilities of major scale were reported.

2000

Intermediate Implementation

No hostilities of major scale were reported.

2001

Intermediate Implementation

No hostilities of major scale were reported.

2002

Intermediate Implementation

No hostilities of major scale were reported.

2003

Intermediate Implementation

No hostilities of major scale were reported.

2004

Intermediate Implementation

No hostilities of major scale were reported.

2005

Intermediate Implementation

No hostilities of major scale were reported.