Paramilitary Groups: General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord in Tajikistan

Protocol on Military Issues (8 March 1997)

I. General Provisions:

4. Armed units which are not included in the information provided by the Parties shall be obliged to make themselves known to the subcommission on military issues of the Commission on National Reconciliation and provide it with the necessary information within two months from the date on which the Commission begins work. Armed units which do not cooperate in carrying out the provisions of this Protocol shall be considered illegal and shall be subject to forcible disarmament.

11. Units formed by local authorities during the civil conflict (as civil defence forces, guard units, unsupervised formations, etc.) shall be disbanded within six months from the time when the Commission on National Reconciliation begins its work, and the formation of new units shall be halted. Persons expressing the wish to continue their service shall be integrated into the power structures of the Government of Tajikistan in accordance with the principles and procedures specified in paragraph 5 of the present Protocol. Members of these units not expressing the desire to continue their service, possessing a record of convictions prior to May 1992 or unfit for service on grounds of health shall be disarmed and reintegrated into civilian life.

Implementation History

1997

Minimum Implementation

On 26 September, the CNR issued an appeal to armed groups in the country whose loyalty was not clear. The message declared that armed groups must join the government or the UTO by 16 November. After that date they would be considered illegal and would be pursued.1 

  • 1. "Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Tajikistan," United Nations (S/1997/859), November 5, 1997.
1998

Full Implementation

The government and the CNR remained firm on their message to paramilitary groups. However, several armed groups remained active in the country or across the border inside a neighboring state. In October, UTO forces and government forces engaged in joint attacks against several armed groups operating east of Dushanbe killing a number of people from both groups.2 In November, government loyalists Colonel Khudoiberdyev led an armed group of 1,000 troops to take Leninabad in northern Tajikistan. A joint Tajik army comprised of former UTO and government soldiers defeated the armed group.3 

  • 2. "Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Tajikistan," United Nations (S/1998/1029), November 3, 1998.
  • 3. "Chronology, Accord 10," Conciliation Resources, March 2001, accessed June 3, 2010.
1999

Full Implementation

No further reports of paramilitary related events.

2000

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2001

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.