Natural Resource Management: Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi

Protocol II, Chapter I, Article 3:

18. The State shall ensure the good management and utilization of the nation's natural resources on a sustainable basis, conserving such resources for future generations.

Implementation History

2003

No Implementation

Not much happened in terms of natural resource utilization and management. Burundi has very limited natural resources. The only natural resource available was land.

2004

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2005

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2006

Minimum Implementation

To deal with the land related issues, a bill was adopted in 2006 to establish the national commission on land and other properties with some of the responsibilities of the former land sub-commission established under the CNRS.1 In July 2006, the government set up a the Commission Nationale des Terres et Autre Bien (CNTB) to deal with land issues.2 In October 2006, the government prohibited farming on disputed land.3 While the government-established land commission was working to resolve land conflict and was providing alternative solutions to land related disputes, good management of land and its utilization was not achieved for the customary and legal land tenure system in place.

However, efforts have been made with concern to climate change and land degradation.4

  • 1. "Burundi parliamentarians ratify bill establishing national land commission," BBC Monitoring Africa, March 30, 2006.
  • 2. "Burundi; Huge Challenges in Solving Land Crisis," Africa News, November 23, 2006.
  • 3. "Burundi: Authorities in northwest forbid farming on disputed land," BBC Monitoring Africa, October 18, 2006.
  • 4. "UNEP Projects in Burundi." UNEP, 2008, accessed June 5, 2010, ttp://gridnairobi.unep.org/chm/roa/project_profiles/BurundiUNEPProjects.pdf.
2007

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.