Military Reform: MoU between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

(15 AUGUST, 2005)

3.2 Reintegration into Society

3.2.7 GAM combatants will have the right to seek employment in the organic police and organic military forces in Aceh without discrimination and in conformity with national standards.

4.11 Military forces will be responsible for upholding external defence of Aceh. In normal peacetime circumstances, only organic military forces will be present in Aceh.

1.4.5 All civilian crimes committed by military personnel in Aceh will be tried in civil courts in Aceh.

Implementation History

2005

No Implementation

That only military forces from Aceh could be stationed in Aceh during peacetime and that Indonesian forces would provide foreign defense were the central military reforms in the MoU. The Accord acknowledges the rights of GAM combatants to seek employment in the organic police and military forces without discrimination. It does not guarantee positions, and it is not clear whether GAM members sought such employment.

No developments were reported in 2005.

2006

Full Implementation

With the enactment of the Law on Governing Aceh, the provisions related to the external defense of Aceh and the legal framework for the stationing of troops was put into place.

No reports were found of any trials of military persons in civilian courts. According to the State Department’s Human Rights Report, 44 civilians and 37 Aceh Liberation Movement (GAM) members were killed just before the signing of the MoU in August 2005. The government did not investigate the incidents for military involvement.1

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2013

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2014

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.