Military Reform: Luena Memorandum of Understanding

CHAPTER 1: SUBJECT AND PRINCIPLES: 

1 -- SUBJECT

1.2. The objective of the Memorandum of Understanding is collaboration between the parties for the resolution of negative military factors posing an obstacle to the Lusaka Protocol, and the creation of conditions for its definitive conclusion. 

2 -- FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

2.2. The parties reiterate their unequivocal acceptance of the validity of pertinent political-juridical instruments, namely the Lusaka Protocol and UN Security Council resolutions related to the Angolan peace process.

LUSAKA PROTOCOL

C) INTEGRATION OF GENERAL OFFICERS, SENIOR OFFICERS, JUNIOR OFFICERS, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS AND JUNIOR ENLISTED PERSONNEL COMING FROM THE MILITARY FORCES OF UNITA

3.6 The Government proceeds, in the interest of national reconciliation, through the General Staff of the Angolan Armed Forces, to the integration into the Angolan Armed Forces of general officers, senior officers, junior officers, non-commissioned officers and junior enlisted personnel from UNITA Military Forces, in accordance with existing vacancies.

3.7 In this regard, the process of integrating general officers, senior officers, junior officers, non-commissioned officers and junior enlisted personnel from the Military Forces of UNITA encompasses the following:

a) The incorporation into the Angolan Armed Forces and the awarding of rank to general officers, senior officers, junior officers, and rate to non-commissioned officers and junior enlisted personnel from UNITA Military Forces, in accordance with existing vacancies.

b) The preparation and operational assignment of general officers, senior officers, junior officers, non-commissioned officers and junior enlisted personnel from UNITA Military Forces.

ANNEX 2

TO THE COMPLEMENTARY MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING TO THE LUSAKA PROTOCOL FOR THE CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES AND RESOLUTION OF REMAINING MILITARY ISSUES PENDING UNDER THE TERMS OF THE LUSAKA PROTOCOL DOCUMENT RELATED TO THE INTEGRATION INTO THE ANGOLAN ARMED FORCES OF GENERAL OFFICERS, SENIOR OFFICERS, JUNIOR OFFICERS, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS AND JUNIOR ENLISTED PERSONNEL COMING FROM UNITA MILITARY FORCES, IN ACCORDANCE WITH EXISTING VACANCIES

The delegation of the Angolan Armed Forces and the delegation of UNITA Military Forces to the military talks agree to the following concerning the integration into the Angolan Armed Forces of general officers, senior officers, junior officers, non-commissioned officers and enlisted personnel coming from UNITA Military Forces, in accordance with existing vacancies:

1. The integration of active duty personnel coming from UNITA Military Forces as based in the principle of overall incorporation and, in continuing action, the incorporation of general officers, senior officers, junior officers and non-commissioned officers, sergeants and other enlisted personnel and the subsequent demobilization and social-professional reintegration of remaining personnel.

2. The designation of general officers, senior officers, junior officers, sergeants and other enlisted personnel coming from UNITA Military Forces to be integrated into the FAA is the
responsibility of the High General Staff of UNITA Military Forces.

3. The incorporation into the FAA and awarding of rank to general officers, senior officers and
junior officers, and rate to sergeants and other enlisted personnel is the responsibility of the FAA General Staff, in accordance with the below military personnel list:

MILITARY PERSONNEL LIST

DESIGNATION:
GENERAL 4
LIEUTENANT GENERAL 8
BRIGADIER GENERAL 18
COLONEL 40
LIEUTENANT COLONEL 60
MAJOR 100
CAPTAIN 150
LIEUTENANT 200
lst LIEUTENANT 250
CADET 300
SERGEANT MAJOR 20
SERGEANT 30
1st SERGEANT 50
2ND SERGEANT 200
CORPORAL 500
PRIVATE 3077
TOTAL 5007

4. The incorporation into the FAA and awarding of rank to remaining general officers, namely 6 Lieutenant Generals and 14 Brigadier Generals, and their placement as general officers at the disposition of the FAA general Staff.

Implementation History

2002

Intermediate Implementation

The Joint Military Commission spokesperson General Francisco Furtado had announced that the integration of UNITA military forces into the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA) and National Police would commence on 19 July.1 In July, a total of 30 UNITA generals joined the FAA as part of the military integration process.2 The government of Angola reported in August that 224 UNITA troops had been sworn into the national army.3

  • 1. “Angola: UNITA Soldiers to be Integrated into Armed Forces, Police on 19 July,” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, July 10, 2002.
  • 2. “Angola: 30 UNITA Generals Join National Army as Integration of Forces Begins,” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, July 18, 2002.
  • 3. “Angola Gets Unified Army,” Xinhua General News Service, August 1, 2002.
2003

Full Implementation

The Angolan Government reported that 5,007 UNITA troops had been drafted into the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA), completing the stipulations of the Luena Memorandum of Understanding and the Lusaka Protocol. According to the announcement, four generals, eight lieutenant-generals, 18 brigadiers, 40 colonels, 60 lieutenant-colonels, 100 majors, 150 captains, 200 lieutenants, 250 sub-lieutenants, 300 aspirants, 300 sergeants, and 3,577 simple soldiers were drafted into the national army. Another 40 generals were incorporated into the National Police: four were lieutenant-generals and 14 were brigadiers who were under the FAA General Staff.4

  • 4. “Angola: 5,007 Ex-UNITA Soldiers Drafted Into National Army,” Africa News, June 19, 2003.
2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.