Media Reform: Agreement for the Reform and Civil Concord

Article 14: On the Freedom of the Press.

The Parties undertake to work for the ensuring of the freedom of the press in accordance with the organic law number 21/AN/92/2ème L du 15/09/92 as it was amended in its articles 4, 60 and 63 concerning the freedom of communication, which reconciles the right to information with the right to private life and to public order.

Implementation History

2001

Minimum Implementation

Although the Djibouti constitution provides for freedom of the press, the Government restricts this right in practice. Opposition leaders practice self-censorship and refrain from popular demonstrations in order to avoid government crackdowns.1

2002

Minimum Implementation

There are reported restrictions on freedom of the press and limited freedom of assembly.2

2003

Minimum Implementation

According to a news report, Daher Ahmed Farah, editor of the newspaper "Le Renouveau" was arrested in Djibouti on the morning of 20 April 2003, and placed in solitary confinement at Gabode prison.3 As of 2003, Djibouti had not ratified the international covenant on civil and political rights.4

  • 3. "Djibouti; Editor of Opposition Newspaper Arrested Again," Africa News, April 23, 2003.
  • 4. "DJIBOUTI: COUNTRY PROFILE," Africa Review World of Information, September 23, 2003.
2004

Minimum Implementation

According to reports, the Djiboutian government restricted freedom of the press and freedom of assembly in 2004.5

2005

Minimum Implementation

The Djiboutian authorities shut down the Radio France Internationale's (RFI) on January 14, 2005 for its reporting on an ongoing French legal inquiry into the 1995 death in Djibouti of Bernard Borrel, a French judge.6

  • 6. "Djibouti; CPJ Condemns Radio Censorship," Africa News, February 16, 2005.
2006

Minimum Implementation

Government restrictions on media continued. The U.S. State Departments reports opposition leaders self-censoring, limited freedom of assembly, and government crackdown of demonstrations.7

2007

Minimum Implementation

Government restrictions on media continued. The U.S. State Departments reports opposition leaders self-censoring, limited freedom of assembly, and government crackdown of demonstrations.8

2007

Minimum Implementation

It was reported that the government silenced the only opposition newspaper, Le Renouveau, for its news report “published on 1 February about a businessman who reportedly paid an indemnity to the national bank governor, who happens to be President Ismaël Omar Guelleh's brother-in-law.”9

  • 9. "Djibouti; Police Arrest Brother And Cousin of Opposition Weekly's Managing Editor," Africa News, February 7, 2007.
2008

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.