Legislative Branch Reform: National Pact

SUB-TITLE B

MEASURES TO CONSOLIDATE NATIONAL UNITY

54. In order to ensure that they are fully represented within the National Assembly, and with the goal of ensuring a real participation of the northern populations, including the displaced populations, there will be created -as an exception during the first legislature -a total of four seats to be filled by people displaced from the North of Mali.

55. These seats will be filled through elections to be held at the end of the repatriation programme in favour of displaced persons, and in any case no later than 130 days after signature of the present Pact.

56. There will be, furthermore, one or two additional seats to ensure a fair representation of Malian populations essentially from the North but installed outside the country, which will be part of those seats in the National Assembly which have been reserved for Malians living abroad. These seats, to be filled through by-elections, shall be additional to the seats mentioned in paragraph 54 above.

Implementation History

1992

Minimum Implementation

The Malian government made a reconciliatory concession by offering four seats in the National Assembly to ensure the real participation of the northern population. These seats were allegedly filled through elections in 1992. 1

1993

Minimum Implementation

Four seats in the National Assembly to ensure the participation of the northern population via the 1992 elections.

1994

Minimum Implementation

Four seats in the National Assembly to ensure the participation of the northern population via the 1992 elections.

1995

Minimum Implementation

Four seats in the National Assembly to ensure the participation of the northern population via the 1992 elections.

1996

Minimum Implementation

Four seats in the National Assembly to ensure the participation of the northern population via the 1992 elections.

1997

Full Implementation

Following the 1992 peace agreement, the first National Assembly elections were held in April 1997. Nevertheless, the results of this election were cancelled by the Constitutional Court due to irregularities on 25 April 1997. The second elections were held again in July and August of 1997. 2 Neither the information regarding by-elections, nor information regarding the persons representing the north, exists. Since this issue was never raised by insurgent groups in the peace process, this provision could be deemed implemented. Furthermore, the Tuareg political organization is fragmented, and has remained defined by traditional clan-based units.

1998

Full Implementation

Since representation of the northern population int he legislative branch of the government was  never raised by insurgent groups in the peace process, this provision could be deemed implemented. 

1999

Full Implementation

Since representation of the northern population int he legislative branch of the government was  never raised by insurgent groups in the peace process, this provision could be deemed implemented. 

2000

Full Implementation

Since representation of the northern population int he legislative branch of the government was  never raised by insurgent groups in the peace process, this provision could be deemed implemented. 

2001

Full Implementation

Since representation of the northern population int he legislative branch of the government was  never raised by insurgent groups in the peace process, this provision could be deemed implemented.