Inter-ethnic/State Relations: Mindanao Final Agreement

Article 4:

There shall be established a Southern Philippines Council for Peace and Development (SPCPD), composed of one (1) Chairman, one (1) Vice Chairman and three (3) Deputies, one each representing the Muslims, the Christians, and the Cultural Communities. They shall be appointed by the President.

Implementation History

1996

Full Implementation

President Fidel Ramos gave Executive Order no. 371 creating the Southern Philippines Council for Peace and Development (SPCPD) to help integrate the Moro people into the Filipino nation. The SPCPD was an unelected administrative body under control of the president. It had five members on a main council and an 81-member Consultative Assembly.1 

It was agreed that the five member main council would have a Muslim chairman and at least one other Muslim member and 44 of the 81 seats in the Consultative Assembly would be held by Muslims. The SPCPD was a transitional body to be dissolved after the plebiscite, which was originally scheduled for 1999.2

1997

Full Implementation

The Southern Philippines Council for Peace and Development (SPCPD) continued to operate in 1997.

1998

Full Implementation

The Southern Philippines Council for Peace and Development (SPCPD) continued to operate in 1998.

1999

Full Implementation

President Joseph Estrada gives executive order no. 161 on 30 September 1999 extending the term of executive order 371, thereby extending the term of the SPCPD one year.

2000

Full Implementation

President Joseph Estrada gives executive order no. 288 on September 22, 2000 extending the term of executive order 161, thereby, extending the term of the SPCPD to May 2001.

2001

Full Implementation

ARMM president Nur Misuari makes a request to president Estrada to extend the term of the SPCPD for another 3 years and postpone the referendum on expanding the ARMM for 3 years. President Estrada denies the request and formally abolishes the SPCPD effective August 14, 2001 pursuant to Article XVIII, Section 16 of R.A. 9054. The plebiscite election is held on August 14, 2001.

2002

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.