Independence Referendum: Agreement between the Republic of Indonesia and the Portuguese Republic on the question of East Timor

ANNEX I, 1

[the parties] Request the Secretary-General to put the attached proposed constitutional framework providing for a special autonomy for East Timor within the unitary Republic of Indonesia to the East Timorese people, both inside and outside East Timor, for their consideration and acceptance or rejection through a popular consultation on the basis of a direct, secret and universal ballot.

Annex I, 5

If the Secretary-General determines, on the basis of the result of the popular consultation and in accordance with this Agreement, that, the proposed constitutional framework for special autonomy is acceptable to the East Timorese people, the Government of Indonesia shall initiate the constitutional measures necessary for the implementation of the constitutional framework and the Government of Portugal shall initiate within the United Nations the procedures necessary for the removal of East Timor from the list of Non-Self-Governing Territories of the General Assembly and the deletion of the question of East Timor from the agendas of the Security Council and the General Assembly.

Annex I, 6

If the Secretary-General determines, on the basis of the result of the popular consultation and in accordance with this Agreement, that the proposed constitutional framework for special autonomy is not acceptable to the East Timorese people, the Government of Indonesia shall take the constitutional steps necessary to terminate its links with East Timor thus restoring under Indonesian law the status East Timor held prior to 17 July 1976, and the Governments of Indonesia and Portugal and the Secretary-General shall agree on arrangements for a peaceful and orderly transfer of authority in East Timor to the United Nations. The Secretary-General shall, subject to the appropriate legislative mandate, initiate the procedure enabling East Timor to begin a process of transition towards independence.

Annex II, A

The ballot will take place on Sunday, 8 August 1999, both inside and outside East Timor.

Annex II, C: Entitlement to Vote

The following persons, aged 17 years or above, shall be eligible to vote in the popular consultation: (a) persons born in East Timor (b) persons born outside East Timor but with at least one parent having been born in East Timor, and (c) persons whose spouses fall under either of the two categories above.

Implementation History

1999

Full Implementation

A popular consultation was held on 30 August 1999. During the consultation 446,953 East Timorese, or 98.6% of registered voters, cast ballots both within and outside East Timor. 78.5% of voters rejected the incorporation of East Timor into Indonesia under a special autonomy agreement in favor of independence.1 Because the suggested autonomy was rejected in the consultation, Indonesia was expected to pave the way for independence to Timor-Leste. 

2000

Full Implementation

A popular consultation took place in 1999. East Timor is yet to became an independent state, however.

 

2001

Full Implementation

A popular consultation took place in 1999. East Timor is yet to became an independent state, however.

2002

Full Implementation

A popular consultation took place in 1999. East Timor became an independent state on 20 May 2002.

2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.