Human Rights: Accra Peace Agreement

ARTICLE XII: HUMAN RIGHTS

1. (a) The Parties agree that the basic civil and political rights enunciated in the Declaration and Principles on Human Rights adopted by the United Nations, African Union, and ECOWAS, in particular, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights, and as contained in the Laws of Liberia, shall be fully guaranteed and respected within Liberia.

(b) These basic civil and political rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from torture, the right to a fair trial, freedom of conscience, expression and association, and the right to take part in the governance of one’s country.

2. (a) The Parties agree on the need for the establishment of an Independent National Commission on Human Rights (INCHR).

(b) The INCHR shall monitor compliance with the basic rights guaranteed in the present Peace Agreement as well as promote human rights education throughout the various sectors of Liberian society, including schools, the media, the police and the military.

3. The INCHR shall work together with local Liberian human rights and civil society organizations, international human rights organisations and other relevant U.N. agencies to monitor and strengthen the observance of human rights in the country.

4. Technical, financial and material assistance may be sought by the INCHR from the U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCR), the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights and other relevant international organizations.

ARTICLE XV: INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW

The Parties undertake to respect as well as encourage the Liberian populace to also respect the principles and rules of International Humanitarian law in post-conflict Liberia.

Implementation History

2003

No Implementation

Independent National Human Rights Commission was not established.

2004

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2005

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2006

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2007

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2008

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2009

No Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2010

Full Implementation

In September 2010, the parliament established the Independent National Human Rights Commission after substantial delay through Information Freedom Act of 2010. The Commissioners were confirmed by the Senate in September 2010.1

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.