Electoral/Political Party Reform: Accord de paix et de la reconciliation nationale

Agreement for Peace and National Reconciliation-1994

SECTION VIII: TRANSFORMATION OF FRUD INTO A POLITICAL PARTY

1) Once the present Peace agreement has been signed, FRUD will become a legal political party. It will therefore abandon the armed fight and will fully participate in the national political life, defending its ideas with peaceful means and the government engages to accept it.

2) FRUD will take part in the managing of the country’s affairs allying with the party in power on the basis of the present Agreement and on a common political platform for the two groups.

Implementation History

1995

Intermediate Implementation

On June 9, 1995, President Aptidon appointed two former FRUD rebels to the government. Ali Mohamed Daoud became Minister of Health and Social Affairs and Ougoureh Kifle Ahmed was given the ministry of agriculture and water resources.1

Onwar.com reports that the Djibouti constitution was revised in 1995 incorporating the peace agreement.2

1996

Full Implementation

FRUD was allowed to become a legal party and joined the government in an electoral coalition.  

1997

Full Implementation

In the December 1997 elections, FRUD formed an electoral coalition with the governing Popular Rally for Progress (RPP). Candidates of the RPP-FRUD alliance won all 65 seats in the Chamber. The opposition Democratic Renewal Party (PRD) and the National Democratic Party (PND) conceded defeat but alleged flaws in the process.3

  • 3. "Djibouti," Keesing's Record of World Events (Volume 43), December 1997, 41950.
1998

Full Implementation

In the presidential elections, the pro-government coalition, the Union for a Presidential Majority (UMP) in which FRUD was a coalition partner, won all 65 seats with 62.7 percent (53,293 votes) of the vote. Turnout was recorded at 48.4 per cent and voting was largely peaceful.4

  • 4. "Djibouti," Keesing's Record of World Events (Volume 49), January 2003, 45174.
1999

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2000

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2001

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.